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Vaginal Pain

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Almost every woman has experienced pain in the vagina at some point or other. It is an uncomfortable situation wherein sharp pain is experienced in and around the vagina (labia, vulva, clitoris and the opening). The exact cause of the pain is not yet known; however doctors assume various reasons behind the pain which can range from mild to chronic.

Symptoms associated with the Pain

The pain can be experienced anytime; it can occur while having sex, after sex, while cycling and even while menstruating.

Some other types of discomfort you may experience include:

  • Burning and cutting sensation in that region
  • Swelling and tenderness in the vagina
  • Itching and soreness

Causes behind Vaginal Pain

The muscles, cells and nerves of the vagina respond differently to various conditions. In some women it may be genetics that is responsible for the pain and discomfort. The common reasons behind pain are:

  • The cells of the vulva respond abnormally due to an infection caused from STD or non-STDs like that of yeast infections.
  • Violent sexual intercourse triggers pain in the vagina
  • It’s one of the symptoms for detecting cancer in the vagina or presence of painful tumours in that region
  • Vaginal pain is common after menopause due to change in hormones (low estrogen) and use of pills
  • Chronic pain is caused by nerve injury in the vulva
  • Allergy to semen could also be the reason behind pain, itching and burning in the vagina
  • Pelvic muscle spasms lead to pain in vagina

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Diagnosis of Pain in Vagina

Diagnosis usually begins with a pelvic exam which includes checking if the area is healthy or not and if any problems are associated with it. The kind of tests your doctor will perform depends on the nature of the infection. Your doctor will also enquire about your medical history which also forms the basis for the treatment.

Treatment of Vaginal Pain

Treatment is suggested by your doctor after diagnosing the exact reason behind the pain. It could be topical treatments will various hormone creams and pain relievers or local anaesthetics. Injections are also given by doctors to combat the pain. Several other medicines like anti-histamines and antidepressants are also given to treat the associated symptoms like swelling, itching, tenderness, etc. Different types of pelvic floor exercises are suggested by doctors to improve muscle contraction in the vaginal region. These treatments are quite effective in alleviating the pain.

Home Remedies for Vaginal Pain

If the pain is minor you can easily treat it will natural remedies. Doctors even suggest few self care activities to prevent occurrence of pain. Have a look at those “dos and don’ts”  that will ensure good health of your vagina.

  • Always keep the area clean and hygienic. Wash your vagina after urinating and sexual intercourse
  • If you have infection and itching then use cold water to clean yourself
  • Wear loose and cotton undergarments
  • Avoid using tampons, instead use good quality sanitary napkins and change it at least 4 times a day during periods
  • Refrain from using scented tissue papers
  • Always use a perfume-free medicated vaginal wash
  • Lubricate your vagina before sexual intercourse
  • Do not perform any physical activity that might hurt that area (like horse-riding, biking, etc.)

Your susceptibility to those typical womanly health complications depends a lot on your lifestyle and day-to-day habits.

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Written by: Saptakee sengupta

Date last updated: January 05, 2015