Diseases During Pregnancy
Pregnancy is a joyful occasion for women. However, this joyful event can at times lead to complications.
Many problems are mild and with timely medical intervention can be treated. Sometimes, the complications can affect the health of the mother and the baby adversely. Let us have a look at the diseases during pregnancy that may be a matter of concern for the mother’s health and the babies.
Health Problems Experienced During Pregnancy
The following diseases during pregnancy may affect certain women when pregnant.
It has been found heart diseases are one of the major causes for death in pregnant women. Heart ailments are usually silent and cannot withstand the pressures the body undergoes during pregnancy. A diseased heart valve or muscle may lead to heart failure and sudden death.
Kidney disease that usually affects pregnant women is pyelonephritis. It is a bacterial infection of the bladder that reaches the kidneys. It leads to fever, low back pain, chills, etc. It is a very dangerous disease as it can leads to premature labor.
In some cases, women with pre-existing kidney diseases can develop extreme high blood pressure and kidney failure. This can be life threatening for the mother as well as the fetus.
Gestational diabetes affects women only during pregnancy. The affected women may not be diabetic and pregnancy causes them to develop the symptoms of diabetes. Pregnancy-induced diabetes can lead to increase in risk of preeclampsia and stillbirth. Some women may give birth to very large babies, that is, macrosomic babies.
Pregnant women may suffer from cough and congestion. Asthma is the most serious lung disease that can affect a pregnant woman. Women with severe asthma are at risk of having premature labor or giving birth to small babies.
Digestive System Problems
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the most common digestive problem that can affect an expecting mother. It leads to excessive vomiting, that leads to starvation, dehydration and imbalance of body fluids.
Nervous System Diseases
Migraine or infection of the sinuses is are common diseases affecting pregnant women. Migraine may be a symptom of high blood pressure due to preeclampsia. Many women develop numbness, tingling of the fingers, water retention and swelling during pregnancy. The most serious nervous system problem affecting a pregnant woman is epilepsy.
Darkening of the skin during pregnancy is very common. The palms may become red, small spider veins may be seen on the arms, face or inner thighs. Stretch marks may begin to appear on the abdomen and upper thigh. The skin may become sensitive during pregnancy and develop redness, rashes and itching. Skin health
Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial disease that is very common during pregnancy. It may lead to pain or burning sensation during pregnancy, pressure in the lower abdominal area, fever, fatigue, nausea, back ache, etc.
Mental Health Diseases
Pregnant women are prone to many mental health problems. The changes in hormones may lead to depression during or after pregnancy. The mother may feel low, have no interest in daily activities, develop feelings of shame, guilt, etc.
Depression may cause the mother to lose interest in herself and her health. Thus, making her unfit to care for her unborn baby. It is very important to spot the symptoms of depression during pregnancy and give the mother the much-needed medical help.
Many women tend to gain weight during pregnancy, which is a good thing. But when a mother becomes excessively heavy during pregnancy, it may lead to many complications such as preeclampsia. Thus, maintaining a healthy weight during pregnancy will lead to a safe and successful pregnancy term. Read more details about obesity
These are some of the common diseases during pregnancy. One needs to make sure they visit the doctor regularly for check-ups. Discuss any problems with your doctor as diseases during pregnancy may lead to major complications, if neglected.
Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: February 20, 2016