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Complications during pregnancy

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Pregnancy is about the health of the mother as well her baby. Lucky are those, who deliver their baby without experiencing any health complications. But the story is not same for all women.

Many health issues crop up even for totally healthy women that can affect her pregnancy. So what complications you should watch out for during pregnancy? We tell you here...


A pregnant woman might be vulnerable to a wide range of infections. Urinary tract infection, bacterial vaginosis and group B strep infection are the most common types. Although, chances of STDs are rare as long as you are not indulging in risky activities, if contracted it could be life threatening. Some more complications include hepatitis B and yeast infections.


Rh Negative Disease

Rh incompatibility develops when the mother is Rh-negative and the infant is Rh-positive. The mother starts secreting antibodies against the baby. However, the complication is usually sorted out in the beginning through diagnostic tests. If incompatibility has been found then special immune globulins called RhoGAM is given to counter the effect of the antibodies’ generated by the mother.

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Ectopic Pregnancy

This happens when the fertilized egg implants itself in the fallopian tube, i.e. outside the uterus. Also known as tubal pregnancy, it usually happens in women with pelvic disease, STD, endometriosis, etc. If not detected in early stage, the fallopian tube can rupture. The only option is to terminate the pregnancy.


Preterm Labour

Typical labour pain starts arising much before the actual due date, i.e. in the 73 week. Although medicines can control the labour pain, there are cases where your doctor would advise delivery of the baby i.e. preterm birth.



It can happen from autoimmune diseases, vascular diseases or could be genetic. Preeclampsia is characterised by high blood pressure and protein in urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Abnormal weight gain and swelling of face and eyes would be observed along with increases nausea and vomiting. If you develop severe preeclampsia, then your doctor might consider delivering the baby in the 37th week or else milder cases can be resolved with blood pressure medicines and bed rest.


Gestational Diabetes

It usually develops in the second trimester when your body is not making sufficient insulin. As a result your blood glucose spikes up. Women are screened for gestational diabetes. Your doctor might advise insulin therapy and a proper diabetes diet to control the sugar levels.


Placenta Previa

The placenta is low lying and can cover the cervix completely or partially. It can be found out during ultrasonography and shows up usually after 20th week. Some women experience painless vaginal bleeding, depending upon the condition of the placenta. You will be advised bed rest and your doctor might consider a c section delivery.



One of the most common misfortunes that a woman undergoes is miscarriage. It can happen from natural reasons, mishaps or from a medical condition as well.


Inactivity of the Baby and Stillbirth

The activity of the baby can be sensed with the kicks. You need to report your doctor immediately if you do not sense baby kicks. There could be an underlying complication if the baby’s activity significantly declines. 

According the National Stillbirth Society, stillbirth is, “intrauterine death and subsequent delivery of a developing infant that occurs beyond 20 completed weeks of gestation.”

It can occur due to improper growth of the baby, problems in the placenta, infections, accidents, etc. along with some risk factors like age, malnutrition, smoking, etc.

Some other complications like anaemia, high blood pressure, severe nausea and vomiting, etc. can also be experienced.

It’s important to consult with your doctor before conceiving a baby so that chances of complications are minimised.

Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: March 04, 2014

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