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Pelvic Pain

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One of the most common ailements in young women is pelvic pain. This is often due to an underlying muscular, reproductive or urinary condition. Let us find some answers related to the cause of pelvic pain in the following paragraphs.

What is Pelvic Pain?

Pelvic pain is the discomfort you experience in the lower region of the abdomen and within the pelvis. This pain can be acute or chronic, intermittent or chronic and may range from mild, moderate to severe. People with pelvic pain often find the pain radiating towards their lower back, hips and thigh region. When one suffers from pelvic pain for more than 6 months, it is called as chronic pelvic pain. When the pain occurs suddenly, it is referred to as acute pelvic pain.

What Causes Pain in the Pelvic Region?

There are a number of reasons for pelvic pain. Sometimes, multiple reasons lead to pain in the pelvis. These reasons include:

Appendicitis Appendicitis is the Inflammation or infection of the appendix that can lead to sudden pain in the right-side of the pelvic region.

Colon Cancer – Cancer of the large intestine can lead to pelvic pain.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) – IBS can cause bloating, constipation, diarrhea and cramps in the abdomen and pelvic region.

Crohn’s disease – The inflammation of the lining of the digestive tract can lead to pain in the abdomen and pelvic region. crohns disease

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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) – Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infectious inflammatory disease that occurs due to a complication of gonorrhea (STD). The pain radiates into the abdomen, causes abnormal vaginal discharge and painful urination and intercourse.

Kidney Stones – When tiny stones from the kidney pass through the ureters, they cause intense pelvic pain.

Interstitial Cystitis (IC) – Pain and pressure in the mid-pelvic area may be a sign of interstitial cystitis (IC). It causes a sudden urge to urinate, pain during urination and intercourse.

Pelvic Congestion Syndrome –This is a condition where pelvic pain arises due to low blood flow in the pelvic veins. The pain increases while sitting or standing.

Fibromyalgia – Here, a person suffers from musculoskeletal pain all over the body. This condition is more common in women than men. There is no cure for fibromyalgia.

Prostatitis – The swelling and inflammation of the prostate gland in men can lead to pelvic pain. Prostatitis

Ulcerative Colitis – Another common type of IBD, ulcerative colitis can lead to long-term inflammation of the digestive tract causing pelvic pain.

Inguinal Hernia – When the part of the abdominal membrane or intestine protrudes trough another weak point in the abdomen, it can lead to inguinal hernia. The bulge that becomes larger with time, can lead to pelvic pain.

These were some of the common reasons of pelvic pain affecting men and women.

Some of the causes of pelvic pain, exclusive to women include:

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Mittelschmerz – The pain experienced during ovulation is called as Mittelschmerz. It occurs when the egg is released and the membranes covering the ovary stretches. This causes sudden pain for a few minutes to few hours in the pelvic region.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) – The pain and discomfort experienced before the start of the monthly menstrual cycle is called as PMS. Pelvic pain may be a part of the discomfort experienced during this period.

Menstrual Cramps - Pain and cramps experienced during the first few days of menstruation may also include pelvic pain.

Ectopic Pregnancy – When an embryo grows outside the uterus, it can lead to sharp and intense pelvic pain.

Ovarian Cysts – When an follicle fails to release an egg, it leads to formation of fluid filled cysts in the ovary. This leads to sharp pelvic pain amongst other symptoms.

Uterine Fibroids – Benign tumors growing in the uterus can lead to mild, moderate or severe pelvic pain in women.

Endometriosis – Growth of endometrium, that is, uterine tissue outside the uterus on other abdominal organs is endometriosis. This can lead to severe abdomen and pelvic pain.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse – When the bladder or uterus slips into a lower position or protrudes outside the uterus, it is called pelvic organ prolapse. This leads to pressure-like pelvic pain.

Abdominal Adhesions – After undergoing a surgery such as C-section, appendectomy or hysterectomy, scar tissues may form. These scars tend to cause other organs in the abdomen to stick together tightly, leading to abdomen and pelvic pain.

Miscarriage – Women who suffer from spontaneous abortions may experience pelvic pain during the sudden loss of pregnancy.

Diagnosis of Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain is diagnosed based on the physical check-up along with certain tests conducted. Some of the diagnostic tests for pelvic pain include:

  • Blood test
  • Ultrasound
  • Laparscopy
  • Sigmoidoscopy
  • CT Scan
  • MRI

Treatment for Pelvic Pain

Treatment for pelvic pain depends on the cause. Once the cause is treated, pelvic pain resolves on its own. Medications such as pain killers, antibiotics may be prescribed. If any organ is involved, one may have to opt for surgery to get it treated.

Pelvic pain is often a symptom of an underlying condition. If you suffer from constant pelvic pain or sudden, intense pelvic pain, speak to your doctor. You never know, it’s the way for your body to notify you, something needs your urgent attention.

Written by: healthplus24.com team

Date last updated: January 29, 2015