Postmenopause is the period after your periods have stopped. Women who haven’t had periods for 12 consecutive months are considered to be menopausal and the phase following menopause is postmenopause. Therefore, it’s important for a woman to understand the attributes of postmenopausal syndrome.
Why does it happen?
Hormones play a major role in inflicting the changes characterized in postmenopausal syndrome. The two hormones- estrogen and progesterone decline during this phase and it’s due their imbalance that women undergo the symptoms. The ovaries become inactive and thereby, secretion of hormones becomes faulty. However, there are several other external factors that trigger the syndrome which includes excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, stress, etc.
When does Postmenpausal Syndrome Begin?
The age limit can range from 40-65 years. Although we have explained before that it follows menopause, women can get a Follicle Stimulating Hormone test done for reassurance.
Characteristics of Postmenopausal Syndrome
The typical discomfort of menopause like mood swings, hot flashes and emotional changes eventually efface, giving rise to a whole new feeling of goodness of self. However, it’s important to note that those classical symptoms of menopause persist in many women although the severity and frequency might be less.
- Weight Gain: Women easily put on 10-20 pounds due to hormonal changes
- Stress Incontinence: It results from change in estrogen levels in the body
- Vaginal Discharge: The medical condition is known as atrophying vagina which is the reason behind vaginal discharge. Itching and dryness in vagina is also experienced.
- Urinary Tract Infections: They are at high risks of contracting urinary tract infections.
- Insomnia: Sleep may reduce and it’s quite likely to not have a good night sleep due to hormone fluctuations.
Other symptoms of menopause that might linger are:
Health Risks associated with Postmenopausal Syndrome
High Blood Pressure: It’s the phase when blood pressure levels might spike up due to body’s sensitivity to salt and weight gain. Women become more prone to heart diseases due to increased blood pressure.
Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis is highly prevalent among postmenopausal women due to estrogen deficiency at this stage. Bones become weak and prone to fracture.
Postmenopausal Syndrome Treatment
Doctors always advice resorting to natural ways to treat postmenopausal syndrome unless there’s an urgent need to undergo pharmacotherapy or surgery.
We sum up the different ways to overcome the symptoms below:
- Lifestyle changes include getting rid of bad addictions like smoking and drinking. Yoga is very beneficial to manage stress and control emotional bouts. Breathing exercises, engaging in hobbies and group activities also help to a great extent.
- The diet for postmenopausal syndrome should be rich in calcium, iron and estrogen enhancers like soy products, legumes, pulses, etc.
- Non-estrogenic herbs are a natural remedy for boosting estrogen levels inside the body indirectly.
- The second option for treatment is external administration of hormone balancing drugs to eliminate the complications of hormone deficiency. It involves hormone replacement therapy.
Post menopausal syndrome is nothing uncommon in a woman’s life. It’s the last phase of her reproductive cycle that she needs to undergo and deal with. The symptoms can be overcome by consciously making effort to change the lifestyle and channelize the energy towards leading a happy and healthy life.
Written by: Saptakee sengupta
Date last updated: January 05, 2015