Identification of AIDS/HIV Infection
Individuals suffering from constant infections or conditions given above are suspected to have contracted the HIV infection if they also have a history of:
- Transfusion of unscreened blood or blood products in hospitals and illnesses
- Babies of infected mothers
- Accidental skin contact with blood (such as needle stick injuries and treating wounds)
In adults and older children, blood tests such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test and Western blotting are the methods used initially to detect HIV infection.
An initial negative result though signifies the absence of infection, the individual with such symptoms cannot be declared free of infection until another negative test is elicited after about 6 months of the initial test.
Positive results confirm the individual is infected with the virus and needs further testing to confirm the status of the infection. The doctor may advise several additional tests to either confirm or rule out the presence of other infections or conditions.
Read more details about HIV testing
Written by: Healthplus24 team
Date last updated: July 31, 2012