Cancer is one of the deadliest diseases known to human kind. Cancer can affect any part of the body, and its treatment is based on how much it has spread described as staging by the doctors. Prostate cancer affects the prostate glands in men. The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system which is situated just below bladder and in front of the rectum. Prostate cancer is commonly seen among elder men, the prostate starts to grow bigger and blocks the bladder.
The main problem in this is that there are hardly any visible symptoms and most of the times the symptoms don’t relate to prostate cancer. The most commonly seen symptoms are blood in the urine or semen, pain or burning sensation while urinating, painful ejaculation are to name a few.
The treatment of cancer is depended on the stages of cancer. Prostate cancer develops in the prostate gland and spreads to lymph nodes and the tissue through blood. Understanding the stages of prostate cancer can be challenging and difficult task.
Doctors employ the TNM system and Gleason score to recognise the stages of prostate cancer. Most commonly they use TNM system. What is a TNM system?
T stands for Tumour; it describes how far the primary tumor has grown
N stands for Nodes; it describes whether the cancer has spread into the lymph nodes
M stands for Metastasis; it describes how far it has spread
With these three points cancer stage will be defined. There are four stages in Prostate cancer through these stages the cancer cells grows and progresses from prostate gland to the outer tissue. This staging process determines the size of the tumor, where is it located and if there a chances of it spreading to other parts or organs. These factors will decide the type of treatment needed.
Once the stages are identified, the treatments are initiated with no delay. Doctors claim that complete recovery is possible if the patient is in the initial stages. The chances of recovery mainly depends on three factors the stage of the cancer, the age of patient and his health and if there has been an instance of cancer recurring. There are advanced treatments available for treating prostate cancer. Treatments ranging from hormone therapy to surgery are available but the accurate determination of stage is required for deciding the effective treatment.
Written by: Healthplus24 team
Date last updated: June 25, 2013