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Difference between semen and sperm

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At the outset we tell you that sperm and semen (or pre cum) are completely different and we have elucidated the differences below:


General characteristics

Semen is the milky white fluid that contains sperm cells. The true reproductive cells of males are sperms or spermatozoa and not semen. Sperm cells are haploid in nature



Semen is primarily produced in the seminal vesicle which is located in the pelvic region. Therefore, it’s also known as seminal fluid. The secretion of other male reproductive organs like prostate gland and urethral glands also combine to form semen while sperm is produced in testes by the seminiferous tubules.



Sperms are nothing but reproductive cells having a head, body and tail that enable them to swim while semen is a mixture of fructose sugar (70%) and sperms. It also contains some proteolytic enzymes, lipids, citric acid and lubricating substances.



The function of the semen is basically to protect the sperm. It lubricates the sperm and provides it energy to swim in the uterus to reach the ovum. Being alkaline in nature, semen contributes to counter the acidic environment of the vagina to help sperms survive. The function of sperm is to fertilize the ovum for conception of baby.

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Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: October 25, 2014