Treatment of rheumatic fever
Till penicillin was discovered, rheumatic fever was an untreatable disease. Today, however, this disease is easily treatable and if detected early modern medicines can effectively destroy group A streptococcal bacteria, relieve symptoms and also prevent recurrence.
Antibiotics – Antibiotics are the foremost in the line of treatment. Antibiotics in the form of intramuscular penicillin G benzathine, oral penicillin V potassium, and oral amoxicillin are the recommended antimicrobial agents for the treatment of rheumatic fever. Penicillin alone has been documented as a very effective medicine for strep infection and has almost always been able to deal with rheumatic fever. Patients are no longer considered contagious after 24 hours of antibiotic therapy.
Generally a full course of penicillin is recommended to take care of any residual infection and prevent its recurrence.
Anticonvulsant medications – If there are signs of Chorea (involuntary movements) doctors may also prescribe an anticonvulsant such as valproic acid or carbamazepine.
If a child catches rheumatic fever he or she may need long term care. It is best to discuss with a doctor on the roadmap for follow ups and the care a child may need.
Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: March 02, 2014