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Developmental mile stone for children

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Birth to 1st year
1– 3 years (toddler)

3–6 years (preschool)

Developmental milestones are a set of functional skills that growing children do at a particular age range. Rolling over, sitting, crawling, standing and walking is part of the developmental milestones and provides information related to the child’s development. The milestones are different for each age range.

The following are some of the developmental milestones according to age group:

Developmental mile stones from birth to first year

Following developments we observe in children form birth to 1st year.

  • Develops social smile
  • Rolls over, crawls
  • Reach for and grasp objects
  • Sits without support
  • Pulls to standing position
  • Walks holding on to support
  • Says mama and dada
  • Drinks from a cup
  • Stands momentarily and walks two or three steps without support
  • Shows affection to familiar adults

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Developmental mile stones from first year to third year

Following are the developmentswe observe in children from first to third year

  • Walks without support
  • Learns to share toys 
  • Understands simple commands
  • Able to run and walk backwards
  • Able to walk up and down stairs
  • Climbs onto and down from furniture unassisted
  • Uses spoon to feed self
  • Can name pictures of common objects
  • Recognizes colors
  • Recognizes gender differences
  • Able to draw a line
  • Pedals a tricycle
  • Dresses self with minimal help

Developmental mile stones from third year to sixth year

Following are the developments we observe in children from third to sixth year

  • Rides tricycle well
  • Able to draw a circle
  • Hops and stands on one foot
  • Catches bounced ball
  • Kicks ball forward
  • Able to skip and somersault
  • Begins to ride a bicycle
  • Enjoys rhymes and word play
  • Understands size and time concepts
  • Begins to recognize written words

Developmental delay occurs when a child has the delayed achievement of one or more of these milestones. This may affect the child’s speech and language, fine and gross motor skills, and/or social skills. A child with a global delay will have delays in all areas of development.

It is usually caused by a nonprogressive encephalopathy (brain disease characterized by altered brain function and structure) caused by disorders such as chromosomal abnormalities, infections and metabolic disorders.

Children with developmental delays should be referred to an early childhood intervention program (for children under 3 years of age) for further evaluation and assistance. 

Written by: Healthplus24 team
Date last updated: July 13, 2011

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