Ace inhibitors or angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are a type of vasodilators mainly used for regulating blood pressure. They are capable of widening blood vessels and thus, re-establish normal flow of blood inside vessels.
What are the common types of ACE inhibitors?
Some common types of ACE inhibitors are: Capoten, Lotensin, Vasotec, Prinivil, Zestril, Monopril, Altace, Accupril, Aceon, etc.,
How do they work?
The drugs perform the same activity to lower blood pressure in kidneys.
When ACE inhibitors are prescribed?
- High blood pressure
- Congestive heart failure
- Heart attack
- Coronary artery disease
- Chronic kidney diseases
Who should not take ACE inhibitors?
Your doctor will thoroughly check your medical history before administering the drug. Ideally, they are not prescribed to pregnant women or those planning for pregnancy and to breastfeeding women.
Furthermore, they are restricted to people with some specific kidney disorders like renal artery stenosis or those suffering from angio-oedema complications.
How to take ACE inhibitors?
Your doctor will explain you the dose, when to take and how to take the drug. They are taken orally and usually in empty stomach or at least one hour before the meal.
Your doctor may also prescribe other medicines like calcium channel blockers, diuretic or any other type of blood pressure medicine as a part of the health management plan. The dosage of a continued drug may be altered or stopped as well while taking ACE inhibitor.
- Rapid or skipped heartbeat
- Fatigue, dizziness, headache
- Nausea, diarrhoea
- Trouble in sleeping
- Persistent dry cough
- Metallic taste in mouth
ACE inhibitors induce birth defect in babies, so they are not prescribed during pregnancy.
Points to check with your doctor before taking ACE inhibitors
- Let your doctor know if you are on a regular dose of other drugs, supplements or have a medical condition.
- Consult with your doctor about the modification required in your diet and lifestyle
- Ask your doctor what needs to be done if you miss a dose or repeat the drug by mistake.
You need to fix up follow up appointments with your doctor initially to help your doctor evaluate the response of your body.
Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last modified: Feburary 01, 2014