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Overactive bladder is a condition when the detrusor muscles present on the bladder wall function abnormally, leading to loss of voluntary control over the bladder sphincter. This results in various urinary symptoms which we shall explain over here.
Some people may not be having any medical reasons behind an overactive bladder while in others it primarily results from problems in the bladder or the nervous system or from infections in the urinary tract.

People with an overactive bladder will experience the following incidents...

Sudden urge to urinate

You may not be drinking voluminous glasses of water yet you will experience a strong and sudden urge to pass urine. This can occur anytime and anywhere irrespective of your drinking habits or even if you have emptied yourself just few minutes back. And you cannot afford to defer voiding...

Increased urinary frequency

Doctors say that individuals with an overactive bladder experience increased urinary frequency and the number of toilet visits is more than 8 times in a day. You hurry into the washroom, come back; then again after 15-20 minutes you intend to pay another visit. This goes on throughout the day. 

Experience nocturia

Nocturia is one of the most significant symptoms of an overactive bladder. You get up from your bed because you need to pee. Nocturnal urinary habit becomes worse with age and throughout the night you feel the urgency to pass urine despite not drinking fluids before going to bed.  


Involuntary urine leakage

You lose the ability to hold on urine in your bladder as the sphincter muscles now contract involuntarily. Therefore, it’s quite likely that urine might leak before you can reach the washroom. This condition is medically termed as urge incontinence.

Disturbance in sleep

People with overactive bladder suffer from sleep disturbances. This is due to the fact that they need to urinate during night. If you get up 3-4 times at night, then it’s obvious to not have a sound sleep.

Change in social habits

It is natural for an individual to withdraw from social functions that require active participation. He/she will avoid such circumstances as emergency situation might arise anytime. They are also scared of urine leakage in public which is quite an embarrassing moment. In worst cases, many people tend to isolate themselves socially and suffer from emotional disturbances as well.

Lifestyle accommodations

When you have an overactive bladder, you are on constant lookout for washrooms. This restricts you from travelling at a stretch and you prefer to visit only those places that have easy access to toilets. Apart from that you might want to wear adult diapers to avoid any uncalled for situations. The quality of life at some level is compromised.

So what’s the solution?
Overactive bladder can be resolved in many ways. Your doctor may prescribe medicines to restore normal contraction of bladder muscles.

Apart from that pelvic floor exercises, urinary training and biofeedback therapies that involve counselling for the purpose of garnering self control and improving lifestyle help to a considerable extent in solving overactive bladder problems.

We would insist you to see a doctor if you have been experiencing the aforementioned symptoms.

Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: February 24, 2014