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Skin Rash

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Skin rash means change in the texture of your skin, due to an infection or irritation. It can either go away with home remedies or might last long which will require further investigation. Let’s find out what causes skin rash and the probable remedies for it.

 

What are the symptoms associated with skin rash?

The most common symptom is redness on the skin accompanied by itching. Your skin might become sore and swollen. If the allergy is not controlled it is quite likely to spread to your entire body. 

Change in texture of the skin and appearance might also be observed. Your skin is most likely to look the brown, red or pale or scaly. Pus filled lesions and blisters can also show up along with rash.

If you are having skin allergy or some microbial infection then you might also experience fever.

 

What causes skin rash?

Common causes of skin rash: 

  • Exposure to harsh rays of the sun
  • Babies get diaper rash
  • From wearing sanitary napkins and tight undergarments
  • Allergy to cosmetic products, hair dyes, pollens, detergents, chemicals, etc. - contact dermatitis
  • Flea bites, bee stings, mosquito bites, and other types of insect bites
  • Food allergies 
From infections, allergy and skin diseases
  • Fungal infections like thrush, candidiasis, etc.
  • Eczema- atopic dermatitis and seborrhoea
  • Scarlet fever and hay fever, etc.
  • Bacterial infections (streptococcus or staphylococcus) like impetigo, cellulitis
  • Viral infections- measles, mononucleosis

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When to see a doctor?

If your skin rash disappears within 3-4 days with home care, then you don’t need to visit a doctor. However, on experiencing severe itching and other kinds of unusual symptoms, it’s better to get medical help immediately. The same applies to cases of bee sting, flea bites or some poisonous insect bites and allergy.

 

Diagnosis of skin rash

At first your doctor or dermatologist will ask you about incidence of allergy, inflammation, exposure to chemicals, etc. You need to tell your doctor if you suspect something that might have triggered the rash. 

The dermatological condition is scrutinized through physical examination. You doctor will check the rash attributing to the size, shape, colour, configuration and its distribution in the body with or without a magnifying glass.

Depending upon the initial evaluation, you might have to undergo other diagnostic tests like CBC test, antinuclear antibody test, bacterial culture test, patch test, skin biopsy etc.

 

Treatment for skin rash

The treatment is completely dependent on the underlying reason for the rash. 

Your doctor is most likely to prescribe you topical powder, ointments, gels, lotions or creams for fungal, bacterial or yeast infections. Anti itching creams soothe down the irritation or burning sensations.

Neomycin, bacitracin, hydrocortisone, clotrimazole, terbinafine, etc. are some commonly used topical creams.

Antibiotics and antihistamines might be administered to heal bacterial infections and severe allergies, respectively.

Stings would be removed by the skin care specialist.

Apart from all these, you also need to take care of the inflammation at home to enhance healing.

 

Self care for skin rash
  • Protect your skin from exposing to heat treatments and sunlight.
  • Avoid bathing in hot water. Pat dry your skin with a soft towel
  • You can cold compress or rub some ice cubes over the rashes.
  • Do not rub or scratch the rashes
  • Keep your private parts dry, dust anti rash powder or massage gently with coconut oil
  • For skin infection- take bath in water soaked in neem leaves or mixed with few drops of neem oil
  • Keep your skin moisturised with petroleum jelly. Stop using the product that has triggered allergy

Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: March 25, 2014