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Muscle pain    

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Muscle pain is nothing unusual; everybody has experienced it at some point or other. The pain could range from mild to severe, depending on the underlying cause. If the pain is continuous and is interfering with your day to day activities, then you must see a doctor.


Symptoms associated with muscle pain

The medical terminology of muscle pain is myalgia. The pain could be mild or excruciating and can occur in any part of your body. There could be considerable swelling and soreness in and around the muscle.

Muscle pain if not managed could also become chronic.


Reasons of muscle pain

There are several reasons behind muscle pain: 

  • Overuse of muscle due to exercise and sports and activities, chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Muscle pull or sprain due to lifting heavy objects, accidental fall, etc.
  • Viral fever or infections like influenza
  • Rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia pain
  • From hypothyroidism- thyroid gland disorder


When to see a doctor

If the pain doesn’t recede within a day or two despite taking OTC pain killers and ample rest, then you must see a doctor.


Diagnosis of Muscle Pain

Your doctor will physically examine the area of the pain for soreness, swelling and redness. You need to explain the symptoms properly to your doctor, the time period since when the pain is occurring, your medical history and the medicines you are experiencing.

Your doctor will also ask you questions about your lifestyle or if you have accidentally hurt your muscles.

Imaging tests would certainly be done that includes X ray, ultrasound can or MRI of the area in concern. You might also have to undergo blood tests for infections, vitamin deficiencies and hormonal imbalances.


Treatment and Management of Muscle Pain

The treatment is completely dependent on the underlying reason of the pain. In most cases, your doctor will give you a pain killer or NSAID to manage the pain and inflammation. Most muscle pain go away with their own with home remedies and proper care.

Other medicines like anti vitals, hormonal pills, vitamin supplements might be given as per the condition that had been diagnosed.


Managing muscle pain with exercise and alternate therapies

Physiotherapy is the best pain management option. You need to exercise or do yoga to get rid of the pain. Your trainer will teach you the postures and techniques correctly to bring about the necessary improvement. Even if you are exercising at home, always remember to go slow and easy with the moves.

R.I.C.E.- This is the best home remedy for muscle sprains and injures. All you need to do is take rest, apply ice bags on the sore area, wrap it with a compression bandage and try to elevate the affected hand or leg

You can also soak your leg or hands in a container filled with warm water mixed with salt. If you back muscles are paining, then you can take compress with heat.

Alternative treatment options work quite well on various types of muscle pain like fibromyalgia, muscle injuries, sprain etc. It includes massage therapies, acupuncture, chiropractic treatment options, etc.

Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: June 22, 2014