As per Mayoclinic, “Groin pain is pain in the area where the inner, upper thigh and lower abdomen meet”. The groin is formed by a set of muscles which often get overstretched, wear or tear due to which the pain arises. Mild pain is not something unnatural, however if the pain persists for a long time, then it obviously needs a medical check up. Let’s analyse the causes, symptoms, diagnostic techniques and other related aspects of groin pain.
Causes of Groin Pain
Groin pain and pull is more common among people who are regularly into intense sports, like hockey, football, basketball etc. Injury in the muscles, ligaments and tendons due to an accident, fall etc. can give rise to considerable pain in the groin.
Apart from physical injuries, several other health complications might also give rise to groin pain directly or indirectly. We list them below:
- Stress factures
- Avascular necrosis
- Inguinal hernia
- Kidney stones
- Swelling of scrotum- hydrocele
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Urinary Tract Infection
- Rashes caused due to yeast infection, ringworm, etc.
- Twisted testicle/ inflamed testicle
How does groin pain feel like?
Groin pain is a terrible uncomfortable situation wherein movement may be restricted due to pain. Pain will be experienced when:
You raise your knees and move your legs
- The groin area hurts while walking, running or even while wearing some tight clothes.
- Pain is experienced inside and outside the thigh and also in testicles
- You may feel tenderness and soreness around the groin
- The pain could be throbbing, intermittent or continuous
- You might lose the strength to move yourself
Diagnosis of Groin Pain
First your doctor will perform a physical exam on you, wherein he will inspect your groin area and evaluate the symptoms. He will be conducting an X-ray, ultrasound or may be an MRI to rule out any kind of inflammation, fracture or other underlying reasons. Complete Blood Count (CBC) test is a diagnosis for infections, which is also done to know the cause of pain. A typical test for hernia and urine analysis tests are also performed by your doctor.
When to see a doctor?
The pain may vary from mild to severe and under any circumstance you shouldn’t neglect it. You must consult your doctor:
- When you experience pain in your testicles along with fever, nausea and chills
- Seek immediate help if you observe blood in urine
- When the pain is increasing
- When groin pain is accompanied by pain in back, abdomen and chest
- If you notice swelling or lump in any part of the groin including the testicles
Treatment for Groin Pain
The treatment is completely dependent on the underlying cause. Apart from the treatment, your doctor will suggest several self-care activities which will provide you considerable relief within less time.
- Treatment is usually done with anti-inflammatory painkillers like NSAIDs to combat pain, inflammation, swelling and tenderness.
- Antibiotics may be prescribed to cope with infections
- If you have been diagnosed with broken bone or ligament tear or hernia, then surgery is the only option. Groin pain will disappear with the treatment
- Cold compress with ice for 15-20 minutes at least four times a day relives you from pain caused due to muscle pull, sprain or stretching
- Your doctor might also suggest various physiotherapy strengthening exercises for improving your movement
We suggest you to not hesitate to speak before your doctor because he/she needs to know the symptoms correctly to offer you the right treatment. Take rest for a few days and allow yourself to heal completely before getting back to daily chores.
Written by: Saptakee sengupta
Date last updated: January 06, 2015