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Liposuction is one of the most popular cosmetic techniques to remove excess fat from the body. Liposuction also contributes to contouring the body aesthetically not only by getting rid of the unwanted fat but also by adding proper shape to the desired parts of the body.


Application of liposuction

Liposuction can be performed to suck out the excess fat from your abdomen, thighs, legs, arms, chest, back, neck, buttocks, cheeks, and several other places subjected to deposition of fat.

It is also applied to remove lipomas and to treat male breasts enlargement, excessive sweating and lipodystrophy.


How liposuction is performed?

Several techniques are applied in liposuction and they are:

Tumescent liposuction: A liquid containing lidocaine, local anesthetic and epinephrine is injected to the specific part of the body. The fat compartments swell up and doctors remove the excess amount with a thin tube (cannula) inserted in the body by making incision on the skin.

Ultrasound or Laser assisted liposuction: Ultrasound technology or laser is used to liquefy the fat which is extracted by the tube. U- lipo or laser lipo is most useful in removing fats from hips, thighs, and abdomen.

Powered liposuction: Vibration is generated in the tube to break the fatty tissues. It’s more precise and gentle technique and is usually incorporated in small areas like arms, cheeks, ankles, etc.


How to prepare for liposuction?

Your doctor will first decide if you are the right candidate for liposuction. For this you have to be completely sound in health.

You must tell your doctor if you have a medical history of heart disease, bleeding disorder, lung disease, diabetes, circulatory problems, etc., you have undergone surgery previously and you are taking any medicines, herbal supplements, etc.

Let your doctor know if you are pregnant or planning for baby.

You doctor must know whether you have an allergy to anesthesia, lidocaine or any other substance.

Your doctor will read your vital signs before the operation


What happens during the procedure?

The parts of the body from where fat will be removed will be marked with pen

Local anesthesia in given small parts of the body, otherwise general anesthesia will be used especially when large chunks of fats are being sucked out.

The incisions will be bandaged and stitched and you will be given compression clothing by your doctor.

The entire operation takes 1-4 hours.


What to expect after liposuction?

Your hospital stay will depend upon the magnitude of the operation. If it’s a small scale, then you will be released the same day.

It takes at least 2-3 weeks or more for the incisions to heal. You must listen to your doctor’s instructions regarding post operative care. Antibiotics will be given to prevent infection.


Risks associated with liposuction

Common side effects of liposuction are loosening of the skin, infection and soreness at incision sites. Serious complications include toxicity to the injected liquid, formation of fat clots, pulmonary edema, loss of excess blood etc.


Quick facts about liposuction

  • Liposuction is not a weight loss technique. To lose weight you need to continue exercising and dieting
  • Your body fat might return after liposuction as well
  • Liposuction doesn’t remove stretch marks and cellulite deposits
  • Your doctor will not perform liposuction is you do not fulfill the criteria of an ideal candidate. For example: it is not performed on people with heart disease and pregnant women.
  • Make sure you get it done from a reputed and certified cosmetic surgeon. Check reviews from clients before enrolling yourself
  • Liposuction is expensive- so get a detailed report on total expenses involved

Written by: healthplus24.com  team
Date last updated: October 28, 2014

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