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Nocturia means increased urination frequency in the night. It happens more often in old people. You need to wake up many times due to urgency which disrupts your sleep. We shall discuss the topic in details in the following content.


What are the symptoms of nocturia?

Apart from urinating many times during the night, the individual will experience large volumes of urine throughout the day. 

The capacity of the bladder to hold urine decreases severely which pushes you to get up from the bed many times.

Due to the aforementioned symptoms, you are least likely to have uninterrupted sound sleep for at least 6-7 hours.


What causes nocturia?

Causes of nocturia are many; ranging from medical condition to your daily habits.

Medical conditions 

  • Diabetes
  • Bladder prolapse
  • Urge incontinence, overactive bladder
  • Prostate or bladder tumour
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Infection in bladder
  • Enlarged prostate gland
  • Sleep apnea
  • Neurological problem
  • Side effect of diuretic consumption 
  • Drinking too much water/juices before going to bed
  • Overconsumption of alcohol 

Pregnant women are more likely to suffer nocturia at night due to the pressure on the bladder imposed by the growing womb.


When to see a doctor?

Nocturia is not usually worrisome until you wake up several times at night that further affects your wellbeing. You must see a doctor on observing change in the colour of urine, experiencing pain or burning while passing urine, irritation in bladder and other types of abnormalities.


How nocturia is diagnosed?

Basically, your doctor should ask you several questions regarding the time since when you are experiencing, the frequency of urination, diet and drinking habits. You will be asked to maintain a fluid and voiding diary for 2-3 days for a better analysis.

Let your doctor know if you are taking medicines or have a pre existing medical condition.

Apart from that if your doctor suspects a complication in the bladder or prostate then you might have to undergo urine and blood tests, bladder function tests and ultrasonography.

Nerve problems will require further diagnosis with the help of clinical tests.


Treatment for nocturia

Treatment of nocturia depends on curing the underlying cause. For example, your doctor might prescribe you anticholinergic medications if overactive bladder has been found out or antibiotics to treat urinary tract infections. Drugs like desmopressin may be administered to control the volume of urine produced.

If there are no medical reasons associated with increased urinary frequency at night, then modification in drinking habits and lifestyle factor would bring about the much needed improvement.


Lifestyle and home remedies for nocturia
  • Lower consumption of caffeinated drinks and alcoholic beverages in the night
  • Do not stuff yourself with water just before going to bed. Have a sip or two
  • Maintain a diary for your urinary habits and quantity of fluid intake. You can refer to the note to change your habits if necessary
  • You can also take help from an acupuncture therapist to resolve the problem
  • Learn kegeal exercises to gain better control over your bladder 

Lastly, take your medicines on time and get proper sleep to eventually get over nocturia.

Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: March 25, 2014