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Risk of suicide among operated and non-operated patients hospitalized for peptic ulcers

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Peptic ulcer refers to mucosal erosion that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract leading to abdominal pain, bloating and abdominal fullness. Small studies have reported that high risks of suicide were seen after surgical treatment of peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer.

This study was conducted to explore the risk of suicide among the operated and non operated patients hospitalized for the treatment of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. The risk of suicide and the number of associated deaths were calculated and evaluated in this study.

About 70% of the non-operated patients hospitalized for peptic ulcer showed an increased risk of suicide when compared to 60% of operated patients. Higher incidence of suicide was seen during the first year of hospitalization. Women were at a higher risk for suicidal death. Other groups with higher incidence of suicide attempts included age below 70 years and peptic ulcer patients without complications. The patients suffering from gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers were both at a high risk of death due to suicide.

Increased suicidal risks were seen in hospitalized patients suffering from gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer regardless to surgical treatment. During the first year after hospitalisation or operation, women are considered at higher risks. Counseling management and evaluation should be recommended to change the suicidal thoughts in patients. Further risks should be seriously considered in the medical settings.

Source: http://jech.bmj.com/content/63/12/1016.abstract

Written by: healthplus24.com team

Date last updated: December 09, 2014