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Prostate cancer severity among low income, uninsured men

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Prostate is a gland found in the male reproductive system located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. Cancer cells can spread from prostate to other organ of the body particularly bones and lymph nodes causing pain, difficulty in urination, problems during sexual intercourse, or erectile dysfunctioning. During the past 2 decades, low risk prostate cancer has increased significantly. A study was conducted to evaluate the trends in prostate cancer severity among low income and uninsured men.

Majority of men (79%) in the study belonged to racial/ethnic minority groups. About 81% of the individuals had localized/regional prostate cancer. Low risk features with tumors were associated in 24% of the population. Socioeconomical status is the extreme concern related to the epidemiology of prostate cancer. This study program noted that the risks of prostate cancer were not reported among low income individuals and uninsured men. The prostate cancer screening programs were not generally utilized or were not available for poor working population or those with no insurance coverage. Thereby individuals with a poor economic status and uninsured patients were devoid of early detection of prostate cancer.

High prevalence of metastatic and higher risk localized/regional prostate cancer was seen among low income, uninsured men. Public assistance strategies aimed at improving socioeconomic disparities is required to improve the prostate cancer outcomes. Under-detection and under-treatment of prostate cancer remains significant concern in the male population especially men who have lower incomes and lack insurance coverage.

Source: http://www.jurology.com/article/S0022-5347 (08)02696-7/full text.

Written by: healthplus24.com team

Date last updated: December 08, 2014