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Lifestyle Risk factors for heart attack

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Did you know cardiovascular diseases are one of the no.1 causes of death around the globe?This is because most of us are not aware of a healthy-heart lifestyle.With time ticking by, the heart muscles too give up and lose defense against heart attack and stroke.It is really significantto choose good nutrition, avoid tobacco and tobacco products, limit consumption of alcohol as well as inhabit a more active lifestyle to keep your heart healthy.

Several risk factors are attributed to your lifestyle, which contributes to heart attack. Moreover, such factors are completely under your control. Unlike gender, age and family history, which are uncontrollable, lifestyle risk factors can be eliminated in order to preserve your heart health.

Sedentary Lifestyle

Most people who have desk job lead a sedentary lifestyle. No matter whatever you do, if you are spending half of your day sitting on a chair or acting like a couch potato at home, then you are simply endangering the health of your heart.

Lack of Physical Exercise

In reference to the aforementioned point, such people are least bothered to incorporate physical activity in their daily schedule. The blood circulation in your body is severely hindered if your body is not moving. Such habits subsequently lead to weight gain and high blood pressure which no wonder put you at risk of heart attack.

Overdose of stress

Have you ever measured your life in terms of happiness and positivity? If no, then you must do it, because most people who are relentlessly stressed out are not aware of their mental health. Stress arising from work and family pressure, relationship issues, financial problems, etc. is one of the biggest culprits to your heart health. It can spike up your blood pressure to massive levels, and trigger a sudden heart attack. Stressed out people are also likely to suffer from anxiety and irregular heartbeats which are indeed warning symptoms of a forthcoming heart attack.

Unhealthy food habits

Unhealthy eating habit is another major risk factor for heart attack. Regular consumption of foods rich in trans fat and cholesterols, like fast foods, processed frozen foods, red meat, fried and oily foods, chocolates, cookies, pastries, etc., sooner or later is going to threaten your heart health.They increase your cholesterol levels, clog and harden your arteries, which ultimately blocks cardiovascular circulation. Apart from that, too much sodium in your diet can also aggravate your heart health.

Being overweight and obese

It’s true that obese people are many more times vulnerable to heart attack than those who maintain a healthy body weight. This is because they usually suffer from other risk factors like high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high cholesterol, etc. If your BMI is going beyond normal then you must impose a check on gaining weight by all means.


Smoking never does any good to people. Nicotine is the killer substance in cigarettes. As you continue smoking or even through passive smoking, nicotine gradually starts depositing inside your arteries. It hardens the arteries and clogs them, thereby cutting off blood supply to your heart. People who smoke too much usually suffer from cardiovascular diseases.

Hypertension, high blood sugar and high cholesterol

These 3 factors are the biggest enemies of your heart. Be it unhealthy food habits, lack of exercise, high stress, smoking or any of those aforementioned lifestyle challenges, everything ultimately zeros down to increasing your blood pressure, sugar and cholesterol levels. If you are a diabetic, then you have to be extra cautious about averting a future chance of heart attack. Those who are incapable of bringing down chronic hypertension and high cholesterol or control their blood sugar are least likely to escape heart attack.

However, there’s still a ray of hope for everyone. Chances of having heart attack can be eliminated if you can modify your lifestyle and bring about the much needed change.

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Written by: Saptakee sengupta
Date last updated: April 19, 2015

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