Gout is a very painful condition and it’s a type of arthritis that usually affects the joints of your feet, especially your big toe. Gout occurs when urate crystals accumulate in the joints due high levels of uric acid in the blood. Thus, one of the primary attributes of living with gout is- modification of diet to control uric acid triggers.
Diet for gout: An overview
What you should not eat
Uric acid level rises when you eat foods rich in purines. It is strongly recommended to eliminate high purine foods from your daily diet as they act like trigger factors for gout pain.
- Animal meat: Read meat (beef, mutton, pork, lamb), organ meat and sea foods like shrimp, tuna, scallops, lobster, etc. are packed with purines. They should be eliminated.
- Vegetables- Try to avoid eating mushrooms, spinach, beans, peas, asparagus, and cauliflower.
- Any food that contains yeast and its products should be avoided
- Cut down alcohol, especially beer as much as possible. Ask your doctor the same limit of alcohol for you.
What you can eat
- Once you know what to avoid it‘s easier for you to choose the foods that you can eat on regular basis
- Have whole grain products on daily basis. Eat rice, pasta, bread and oats
- Stuff yourself with fruits, particularly citrus varieties like orange, grapefruit, lime, lemon, etc. every day.
- Except the purine rich vegetables, rest varieties are allowed.
- You can have one portion (4-6 ounces or less) chicken or fresh water fish daily.
- You can have milk, eggs and dairy everyday
The vital habit that brings down your uric acid levels is- drinking at least 4 liters of water daily.
Losing weight is a must
As long as you eat unhealthy foods, you will continue putting on weight. Thus, avoid eating saturated fats (oily foods, white flour products, etc) and simple carbohydrates (essentially carbonated drinks, chocolates, cakes, etc). Such foods may not be purine rich but would pose a big threat to your health. The solution is to follow a balanced diet customized by your doctor for management of weight as well as uric acid.
Combine rest with exercise
Rest: Doctor never encourage exercising when the pain flares up, in fact you cannot exercise with your gut. Therefore, you need to rest completely until the pain is managed.
To get relief from the pain, you can take cold compress over the painful joint. Dip a cloth or a cotton pad in a container filled with chilled water and press it over the joints. Repeat this treatment twice a day.
Exercise for gout: You need to maintain correct range of motion for your joints to sustain flexibility in the long run. However, repeating once again, this is possible only when the pain has subsided. Make sure you consult a physiotherapist to learn flexibility and stamina building exercises for your joints.
You can always go for walking with a proper pair of shoes and try pool workouts like warm water walking, aerobics, swimming, etc. Water exercises prove immensely beneficial for gout arthritic patients.
Medicines and follow up visits
Along with modification in diet and lifestyle, you must ensure that you are taking your daily dose of anti uric acid medicines as recommended by your doctor. Patients are advised not to consume aspirin or diuretics, thus, consult your doctor before taking pain killers, steroids or any other medicines.
We strongly advise you to go for follow up check-ups to ensure that your efforts are bringing about improvement in your health.
Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: Novemeber 10, 2014