Symptoms of vision loss
You are most likely to experience the following symptoms in both eyes or in one.
- Dimming of vision or loss of clarity in vision
- Blurriness, fogginess, double vision
- Appearance of spots before eyes
- Complete loss of vision in one eye
- Difficulty in seeing in dim light
- Trouble in moving ahead while walking
- Increased sensitivity to light
What causes vision loss?
Any kind of trauma, injury, inflammation, disease or infection that affects the components of your eyes (which include cornea, iris, pupil, optic nerves, lens, macula, and eye fluid) can lead to loss of vision.
Risk factors for vision loss are:
- High refractive error
- Macular degeneration
- Diabetes mellitus
- Retinitis pigmentosa
- Optic neuritis, compression of optic nerves
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Hereditary Retinal Dystrophies
- Retinal detachment
- Vitreous haemorrhage
When to see a doctor
Even if your vision is normal, ideally you should go for an eye check up one in two years. However, if you observe any of those aforementioned problems then do not delay.
Loss of vision can eventually lead to blindness and bring about a drastic change in your life. So take care of your eyes.
Diagnosis for vision loss
Loss of vision is certainly a complicated condition and is diagnosed very meticulously. Your eye specialist would carefully observe the symptoms and associated attributes like:
- Since when you have noticed- vision loss is sudden or gradual
- The problem is in one eye or both eyes
- Type of vision loss – peripheral, central, etc
- History of medical condition and medicines you are taking
- Incidence of injury both recent and past
- Other symptoms associated other than vision problems
Your doctor will conduct a comprehensive eye exam which comprises of different kinds of eye tests and procedures capable of detecting the problem.
Treatment of vision loss
The treatment is absolutely dependent upon the diagnostic reports. It’s important to note that vision loss cannot be corrected through corrective glasses and your doctor would give you visual aids and devices to manage condition of your eyes. Some examples are reading prisms, telescopic glasses, lenses for filtering light, magnifying glasses, etc.
Surgery is one mode for improving vision for in case of cataract, glaucoma, macular degeneration and many more.
Apart from this your doctor would advise you to attend adjustment classes and vision loss management sessions where you will be taught various techniques to cope with your eye condition and lead a normal life.
Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: August 17, 2014