Burning sensation in eyes is a symptom that could result from several other eye conditions. We shall discuss the probable causes, the associated symptoms and the possible treatment options to solve burning eyes.
What are the symptoms associated with burning eyes?
Apart from burning you are most likely to experience dryness in your eyes. Eye fatigue, tiredness, pain, itching, and redness could also be associated with burning. Often you may notice some kind of discharge and your eyes may water at the same time.
What are the causes of burning eyes?
The most common reason is exposure to dust, chemicals, smoke and pollution. You often feel your eyes burn while travelling or when working in chemical industries. Exposure to harsh sunrays, strong winds and smell of hair dye, incense sticks, perfumes, spices etc. can also burn your eyes.
Foreign objects like hair, pollen, mold, dust or pen dander when get in can burn your eyes. Working before computer for a long time, facing bright lights, etc. very often causes burning of eyes along with tiredness and dryness.
Medical conditions in eyes that leads to burning could be conjunctivitis, dry eye syndrome, pink eye (sty), blocked tear duct, photophobia etc. Some other reasons could be infection in eyes from virus, bacteria, parasite, from wearing contact lenses, and sharing eye cosmetics among other persons or trauma and injury in eyes.
When to see a doctor?
Usually burning sensation goes away as you protect your eyes from the environmental agents. However, if it persists or you observe redness, puffiness, discharge and some other unusual symptoms, then you must not delay. Similarly, get your eyes checked on having headache along with burning.
Diagnosis of burning eyes
Make sure you let your doctor know about the symptoms that you are experiencing and since when. Explain him/her about probable incidence of trauma, injury or inflammation or any other medical record.
Your doctor will evaluate the symptoms and examine your eyes very carefully with the help of slit lamp. It’s a powerful light instrument meant for eye inspection. Additionally a florescent dye would be used to procure a better view of the underlying condition.
If there’s discharge from eyes, then a sample might be taken for laboratory analysis for bacteria and other infectious agents.
Treatment for burning eyes
Oral antibiotics or antibiotic eye drops might be prescribed for treating bacterial infections and steroid based eye drops to reduce pain and inflammation.
Otherwise change in vision and blurriness would require further diagnosis and proper treatment. Artificial tears might be used to prevent drying.
Apart from that your doctor would suggest several precautions that would protect your eyes from environmental pollutants, chemicals, etc. Basically, burning sensation wears off within a week or so with protective measures and some home remedies.
Self care for burning sensation in eyes
- You need to be immense careful with your contact lens. Make sure they are clean and free of germs.
- Do not share your eye make-up if you had an infection.
- Splash cold water in your eyes every half an hour or one hour to soothe your eyes and remove foreign particles. You can also compress your eyes cotton balls dipped in cold water.
- Adjust the brightness of your computer screen and place it at 20-25 inches away from your eyes.
- Wear sunglasses while travelling, playing, etc. to protect your eyes from sunrays and pollution.
- If you have an eye infection, make sure you touch them always with clean hands. Do not scratch your eyes.
Take care of your eyes
Written by : healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: April 22, 2014