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Dysuria is the medical terminology for painful urination. It can happen to men and women of all age groups. Apart from pain, considerable burning sensation is also experienced while passing urine.

Who are at higher risk?

People with the following health conditions are more prone to this disorder:

  • Pregnant women
  • Menopausal women
  • Individuals with diabetes
  • Individuals with renal, prostrate and bladder disorders

Symptoms of dysuria

  • Pain and burning sensation while passing urine
  • Urinary tract infections accompanied by vomiting, fever, body ache, etc.
  • Pain in abdomen
  • Itching in vagina, smelly discharge, painful intercourse

Under extreme conditions, there’s either abnormal decrease or increase in urination frequency. Cloudy urine or bloody urine may also be observed.

When to see a doctor?

Star consuming plenty of water immediately to normalize the urine. If the pain persists, then check with your doctor without delaying.

Causes of dysuria

  • Urinary tract infections
  • Sexually transmitted diseases- Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, herpes
  • Genital lesions
  • Cancer in bladder, prostrate, kidney, penis
  • Vaginal infections
  • Prostrate inflammation, prostate enlargement
  • Infection of bladder, bladder stones
  • Kidney stones, kidney infection
  • Use of spermicides, scented tissue papers, soaps, and other perfumed personal hygiene products

Diagnosis of Dysuria

.Your doctor will evaluate the symptoms experienced by you and therefore, you need to explain him properly. You must disclose your medical history, like that of diabetes, kidney problems, etc and also about the medicines you might be taking

Diagnostic tests involve urinalysis for detecting presence of red blood cells, WBC, foreign particles or any other infections. Urine culture tests may also be suggested by your doctor to rule out UTIs

Additionally, if symptoms match with that of bladder or kidney stones, then you will need to undergo X ray, ultrasound or CT scan as well

Swab test of vaginal fluid and sample from the inner lining of the urethra may also be collected to check for infections.

Treatment of Dysuria

The treatment of dysuria lies in curing the underlying cause.

A course of antibiotics is prescribed to treat UTIs and other kinds of infections. Mild painkillers may also be given for immediate relief.

If the pain arises from kidney, prostrate and bladder problems, then treating the underlying disorder is the only solution to get rid of painful urination. It can be cured either with medicines or surgery.

Home Care and Preventive Measures for Dysuria   

  • The most important attribute is hygiene- avoid using public toilets as much as possible and make sure you wash your genitals after urinating
  • Refrain from using perfumed personal hygiene products, instead opt for the medicated ones
  • Change sanitary napkins or tampons frequently during menstruation
  • Use complete protection during sexual intercourse
  • Reduce consumption of beverages containing caffeine as it reduces urine frequency
  • Drink plenty of water throughout the day.
  • Have water based fruits or juices of water melon, musk melon, tomatoes, etc.
  • Serve yourself fresh tender coconut water every day to get rid of pain and other urine problems

There’re no as such worries for dysuria as it is completely curable. However, if surgery is involved, then it will take some time to get back to daily chores. Follow your doctor’s advice and make yourself immune to urine infections.  

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Written by: Saptakee sengupta
Date last updated: January 17, 2015