Stomach polyps are abnormal tissues that develop within the stomach lining. These stomach polyps are a rare condition that is often discovered when the patient undergoes checkup for a different reason.
Overview of stomach polyps
Abnormal growths of tissue that can occur in any organ with blood vessels. They can occur in the nose, uterus, colon as well as the stomach.
In the stomach, these polyps occur in the lining of the stomach. Stomach polyps are also called as gastric polyps. They do not lead to any symptoms and thus, often go undetected. These polyps show up during endoscopies carried out in different conditions. The stomach polyps are benign in nature, but in some cases it can lead to malignant stomach cancer.
Symptoms of stomach polyps
As mentioned earlier, stomach polyps do not lead to symptoms. When these polyps grow big, it starts causing many problems and symptoms. These symptoms include:
- Pain in the stomach
The polyp may grow very big in size and lead to ulcers. In very rare cases, it can lead to blockage of the opening between the stomach and the intestine.
Types and Causes of Stomach Polyps
Stomach polyps can occur due to inflammation or damage of the stomach lining. Hyperplastic polyps are very common types of stomach polyps. They occur in people with stomach inflammation, or gastritis. In some cases, it is also due to infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Hyperplastic polyps that are more than 2 cms in size can develop into cancerous growths.
Fundicgland polyps develop in the glandular cells and occur in people with a rare genetic disease called familial adenomatous polyposis. These cells have a tendency to turn cancerous.
Adenomas also develop in the glandular cells and are very rare types of stomach polyps. They are most likely to develop into stomach cancer. The adenomas occur due to inflammation and thepresence of familial adenomatous polyposis.
Diagnosis of stomach polyps
Stomach polyps are usually detected with the help of endoscopy of the stomach and carrying out a tissue biopsy of the polyps.
Treatment of stomach polyps
The treatment depends on the type of stomach polyp. Those polyps that are small and do not cause any symptoms are usually monitored over time. They do not require any treatment and those that start growing in size may be removed.
Large stomach polyps are usually removed during endoscopy. Those polyps such as poyps associated with familial adenomatous polyposis or adenomas are removed as they can become cancerous.
Polyps due to H. pylori infection requires antibiotic treatment. Usually, as the infection clears, the hyperplastic polyps also clears out.
Stomach polyps are very easy to treat. They can be removed and the risk of cancer is reduced greatly. Speak to your doctor for further details related to stomach polyps.
Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: March 02, 2015