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Management of Type 2 Diabetes

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There is no permanent cure for diabetes. It can only be managed and controlled with proper care.

One needs to take care of their diet and keep their sugar intake in control.

Carry out light exercise daily to stay healthy and manage body weight.

Quit smoking and have an occasional drink.

In some cases, doctors may prescribe medications like metformin, repaglinide, Acarbose, etc. to keep blood glucose levels in check. Some patients may find controlling their diabetes difficult even after having a proper diet and medications. In such cases,they may be asked to take injections like exenatide. These injections help in increasing the production of insulin in the body. Some may be advised insulin injections that need to be taken once or twice a week. Regular blood tests will help monitor blood sugar levels and keep diabetes under check.

Complications of diabetes

Diabetic retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the complications, which arises due to ‘long-term diabetes’.

Diabetic neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathy is a complication of long-standing diabetes, which affects the nerves of the body.

Diabetic nephropathy
Diabetic nephropathy is a condition or clinical syndrome, where the ‘kidney is damaged’ due to long-term complications of diabetes.

Diabetic ketoacidosis
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a complication of diabetes. It is a state during which the insulin levels in the blood becomes inadequate.

Also read more about Diabetes


Written by: Healthplus24 team
Date last updated: January 18, 2013