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Risk factors for cholesterol


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Risk factors are primarily associated with increase in low density lipoprotein (LDL) or “bad” cholesterols and triglycerides while reduction of high density lipoprotein (HDL), aka “good” cholesterol in the body.

Ideally your body’s total cholesterol level should be lower than less than 200 mg/dL, of which LDL must be below 100 mg/dL.

The concern of rising cholesterol levels is so intense because it pushes you to the risk of coronary artery disease and heart attack.

So what are the risk factors for cholesterol? We explain you here...



Genes play a vital role in determining how much LDL cholesterol your body can make and eliminate. If your parent (s) or sibling has high cholesterol then you are at risk. Familial hypercholesterolemia is one such genetic condition that subsequently leads to heart disease.



Poorly managed blood sugar levels are interconnected with rise in bad cholesterol levels and reduction of good cholesterol levels in the body. This is the reason why diabetics are at risk of high cholesterol.


Being overweight

Have you ever gotten your BMI (Body Mass Index) checked? If it is higher than 30 then you are most likely to get high cholesterol. Overweight and obesity are the most common risk factors.


Lack of physical activity

Studies reveal that people who are absolutely not into any forms of physical activity are at high risk. Sedentary lifestyle and continuous desk work without indulging in exercise increase LDL levels in the body.


Poorly managed diet

Gorging of saturated fats, oil fried foods, junks and fast foods, sugar loaded snacks and drinks, etc. helps you in no way. Over indulging in animal fat and dairy can spike up your triglycerides and LDL cholesterol levels.



Cigarette is made up of tobacco which contains deadly substance- nicotine. It is capable of raising LDL levels in the blood which gradually starts depositing in the blood vessels in the form of plaques. Not only does cigarette smoking puts you at risk of high cholesterol but also increases chances of heart disease.



Over consumption of alcohol is detrimental to your liver, heart and the kidneys. Being laden with calories, it increases triglyceride and LDL levels of your body.



It is a condition wherein your body is most likely to succumb to unhealthy habits and lifestyle; mainly for the purpose of dealing with stress. Studies show that incidence of high cholesterol is much more in stressed out individuals than those leading happy and joyful life.


LDL cholesterol levels tend to elevate with age. Increase in cholesterol level is usually experienced until the age 60-65. Furthermore, women who have undergone menopause are at higher risk of having high LDL levels.


What to think about?

Even you are a perfectly healthy adult, we recommend you to get your lipoprotein levels screened at least when you have reached 30s, because any abnormality found out can be well managed by balancing your lifestyle and eating habits.

Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: March 25, 2014