Management of Pain in Cancer
Cancer is associated with a lot of pain. Hence, symptomatic pain relief is very essential in cancer. Cancer pains caused may be acute, chronic or interrupted. Patients can be relieved of pain through the following modalities:2,3
Primary therapy: This therapy helps to improve comfort and duration of survival. This includes,
Radiotherapy: The analgesic effect of radiotherapy helps in the treatment of bone metastases, epidural neoplasm and headache due to cerebral metastases.
Chemotherapy: The analgesic effect of chemotherapy brings about the shrinkage of tumor associated with pain relief.
Surgery: Surgery plays an important role in reducing the symptoms and managing pain caused due to unstable bony structures, compression of the neural tissues etc.
Antibiotics also are important in relieving pain.
Systemic analgesic therapy: This therapy plays a chief role in managing cancer pain. Based on the pain non-opiod analgesics (aspirin or acetaminophen), opioid analgesics (codeine, oxycodone, or propoxyphene), and adjuvant analgesics provide major effectiveness in relieving pain.
Psychological interventions: Psychological interventions are very much required for persons suffering from cancer, as they need to be counseled. The physician has to share thoughts with the patients, educate them about the disease and help them to lead their life peacefully.
Written by: Healthplus24 team
Date last updated: September 06, 2012