The brain is the boss over the body that controls every part, organ, tissue and cell within the body. It is enclosed in a hard, bony shell the skull. It is covered with a thick tissue layer called the neural tissue. If the brain develops any disease or injury, it leads to many complications within the body. Brain diseases, also called as cerebral diseases are discussed in this article. Let us have a look at some of the conditions affecting the brain.
What Are Cerebral Diseases?
The brain is a complex network of nerves and neurons along with the spinal cord that controls the body. There are different types of conditions that affect the brain and come under the broad term category of cerebral diseases.
Types of Cerebral Diseases
Depending on the cause, there are different types of cerebral diseases. They include:
Cerebral Infections: Bacterial or viral infections of the brain can lead to:
Brain Trauma: Any injury to the brain can lead to:
- Permanent brain damage
- Intracerebral hemorrhage
Brain Cancers: Any abnormal cell growth or mass can lead to:
Vascular Conditions:When blood vessels of the brain are affected it leads to:
- Ischemic stroke
- Hemorrhagic stroke
- Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
- Subdural or epidural hematoma
- Cerebral edema
Autoimmune conditions: In many cases, the immune system starts attacking body’s own cells. Such condition can affect the brain, leading to autoimmune diseases such as:
Neurodegenerative Diseases: There are many disorders of the brain that has a genetic role to play.
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
- Huntington’s disease
- Parkinson’s disease
Symptoms of Cerebral Diseases
The symptoms of cerebral diseases depend on the type of condition. The brain controls every movement, thought and behavior of a person. Thus, the part of the brain that is affected will lead to symptoms accordingly. These symptoms include:
- Change in behavior
- Double vision
- Loss of muscle control
- Loss of concentration
Causes of Cerebral Disorders
There are different causes of cerebral diseases that include:
- Brain trauma
- Viral infection
- Bacterial infection
- Brain cancer
- Brain tumor
- Genetic diseases
- Change in neural pathways
- Changes in chemical balance of the brain
- Blockage in blood supply to the brain
- Autoimmune conditions
- Neurodegenerative conditions
Diagnosis of Cerebral Diseases
The doctor will conduct a physical examination along with a neurological examination to check vision, hearing and balance. Along with this diagnostic tests such as X ray, CT scans, MRI and PET scan.
Treatment for Cerebral Diseases
Based on the type of condition, the doctor will treat the patient with:
- Brain surgery to remove tumor, blockages, draining excess fluids, removal of damaged tissue, cancer, etc.
The long-term outlook for cerebral diseases differs person to person. Some may require lifelong medications and medical care. For some the damage may be permanent or temporary. Paralysis, loss of memory, damage to hearing, vision problems, speech difficulties, etc. all come under the complications due to cerebral diseases and damage. One should speak to their doctor regarding cerebral diseases and their consequences, if they themselves or someone close is affected by it.
Written by: Saptakee sengupta
Date last updated: April 05, 2015