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Backache is one of the most common medical complaints that every individual has suffered from at some point or other. The pain ranges from mild to severe which is governed by several underlying reasons.

We shall discuss backache in details in the following content:


Symptoms associated with backache

  • Thumping or dull pain in entire back or specific portion of your back – like lower or upper
  • Backache could be radiating and numbing, extending to your hips and legs
  • Difficulty to rise up from seated posture or pain while bending, which might restrict movement


Causes of backache

The most common reasons for backache are associated with our daily activities at home, outdoors or in office.

The common instances are: 

  • Sprain in back muscles, tendons and ligaments due to lifting heavy weight, accidental injury and fall
  • Long sitting hours in office, poor ergonomics with chair, driving bike or car at a stretch, improper sleeping posture and bad quality of mattress


Medical reasons for backache include: 

  • Change in anatomy of the vertebrae disc which might rupture or bulge out
  • People with osteoporosis, arthritis and fibromyalgia also suffer from backache
  • Backache also occurs from viral fever

Heavy smoking, obesity or overweight, stress, lack of exercise, and vitamin deficiency increase risk of having backache. It is very common during pregnancy, especially in second and third trimester due to increase in weight of the baby.


Diagnosis of backache

Your doctor will assess your daily schedule and lifestyle to find out the reason behind backache. You need to answer questions like, since when backache started, how painful it is, the trigger factors, etc. You must explain your doctor properly.

Apart from this, your doctor would conduct an x ray, MRI or CT scan to rule out underlying medical complications. Blood tests for vitamin deficiency, bone disease and auto immune conditions might also be ordered by your doctor.


Treatment for backache

The treatment depends completely on the factors responsible for the pain. Sometimes, a simple correction in lifestyle can offer you relief. In most cases doctors give a course of pain killers, along with vitamin supplements.

If these measures fail to bring above improvement then your doctor might use cortisone injection around your spinal cord to reduce the inflammation.

Alternate treatment options are very useful for backache. It includes massage therapy, acupuncture, chiropractic remedy and homeopathy. You can resort to alternate remedies also instead of taking pain killers.


Lifestyle and home remedy for backache

  • Get into physiotherapy exercises or yoga postures especially meant for the back.
  • Take enough rest to get over the pain then get back to routine eventually.
  • Use ergonomic chairs to sit or back cushions that offer proper support to lumbar spine.
  • Apply alternate heat and cold compress on your back on regular basis, at least 2-3 times a day.
  • If you are pregnant then treat yourself with pre natal back massages to overcome backache. Avoid sitting or standing in the same position for a long time.
  • Lose weight; eat more fresh fruits, vegetables and healthy dairy products
  • Quit or cut down on smoking and de stress yourself with meditation, relaxation therapies and exercise.

Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: July 29, 2014