Risk Factors for Angina pectoris
Angina is the tightness felt in the chest due to reduced supply of blood to the heart. The pain could be similar to that experienced during indigestion and many times it could not be distinguished. Angina can recur or may arise suddenly, which might require emergency care. Whatever it be, angina signifies an underlying cardiac complication and is often a warning symptom of heart attack.
Though anyone could experience it, angina has certain risk factors. Update your knowledge regarding this subject from the following content...
Family history of heart disease
You are at risk of experiencing angina if your family members have history of cardiac diseases and heart attacks
Medical history of heart problems
When you are already surviving a heart condition or have had a heart attack and cardiac ischemia before, then you are quite likely to experience chest tight or angina again; which could be acute.
High blood pressure
Your heart works at enhanced rate when blood flows at high pressure through the arteries. When your blood pressure is not controlled it can eventually lead to arterial damage. The consequence is reduced blood supply to the heart and angina.
Increase in low density lipoprotein cholesterol is highly detrimental to your heart. If not checked, they start blocking the arteries (proceeds to atherosclerosis). This narrows arteries and results insufficient flow of blood to the heart.
Triglycerides are a type of fat that is present in the blood. If you have been diagnosed with high triglyceride (200 to 499 mg/dL or more) lipid profile, then you are at risk of heart disease. Therefore, it contributes to risk factors of angina.
Smoking and tobacco use
Active and passive smoking; both are high risk factors for angina. Chewing tobacco and other types of nicotine rich compounds leads to arterial clogging. These blockades are nothing but deposits of cholesterol, which cut off blood circulation to the heart muscle.
An obese person is not only overweight but is mostly likely to have high cholesterol and BP. If this is the case then he/she is absolutely vulnerable to angina along with other types of cardiac complications.
Incidences of angina are high among diabetics. This is because poorly controlled blood glucose levels increases risk of coronary arterial diseases of which angina is the most obvious warning sign.
Disorder in normal functioning of the thyroid gland has severe implications with circulation of blood to the heart. Therefore people with overactive or underactive also come under high risk group for angina.
People who lead a sedentary lifestyle and do not exercise at all are absolutely vulnerable to experience angina kind of chest discomfort. Stress is another contributing factor. Apart from those, eating too much fats, cholesterol and carbohydrate rich foods on regular basis has detrimental effects on arterial blood circulation.
Lastly men and women of advanced age groups or older adults are at high risk. It’s probably more common in men.
Some more risk factors of angina...
- Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP)
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Aortic valve disease
- Coronary calcification
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Date last updated: February 24, 2014