Symptoms of bee sting
You can see the bee hovering over you for a while after digging the sting in your skin. You will immediately experience the following symptoms.
- Intense burning pain and redness on the site
- Itching and swelling of the skin
- A red wheal where the sting pierced with a white spot
Why bee sting causes the symptoms?
Bees deliver their venom through stings, which when comes in contact with your blood flares up the aforementioned symptoms.
Complications of bee sting
If you have a sensitive immune system which is likely to respond severely to the venom, then you can get hives. Apart from swelling, redness and pain you will experience nausea and vomiting.
The worst complication could be an anaphylaxis reaction wherein you would have a serious skin reaction accompanied by shortness of breath, fainting, diarrhoea, chills, and vomiting. Multiple bee stings are more dangerous and require emergency care.
First aid at home
Knowing the first aid measures is vital for getting relief from burning, swelling and redness
- Look for the stinger, take somebody help, do not scratch the site
- Use your fingers or take a tweezer or anything to remove the stinger gently, without harming the skin
- Now wash the area with plain soap and water
- Apply ice compress or dab a wet cotton ball to ease the burning sensation
- Apply calamine solution or antiseptic/ hydrocortisone cream or lotion over the affected area
Diagnosis of bee sting
Your doctor can certainly look at the symptoms, evaluate the reaction and check if the sting is stuck in your skin.
Depending upon the severity of the symptoms, you might need to undergo a skin allergen test for bee sting and blood test to determine the antibody load in your blood.
Treatment of bee sting
If you hadn’t taken the first aid steps, then your doctor would perform it in the hospital.
The treatment would depend upon the severity of you allergy. In most cases, oral antihistamines are given to calm down the allergic response.
If you have undergone an anaphylaxis reaction, then you would be under emergency care wherein a CPR would be first performed followed by oxygen therapy. Furthermore, antihistamines/cortisone/epinephrine injections or pills would be given to manage the allergy.
Those who have undergone an instance of bee sting allergy is the past should take up immunotherapy course with allergy shots or keep an epinephrine autoinjector with them to deal with an emergency situation. Your doctor will guide you to this.
Preventing bee stings
It difficult for kids to keep a watch on bees, however, you can restrict them to play or visit places that are likely to be infested with bees.
Advice to all- Do not go near beehives or try to toy with them for it could be dangerous. Hire a professional to get rid of beehives in close proximity to your home.
Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: june 19, 2014