Allergic rhinitis is the correct term used to describe this allergic reaction. Rhinitis means “irritation of the nose.” Allergic rhinitis has a considerable effect on quality of life and can result in considerable health- and economic-related consequences, if left untreated.1
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis include nasal congestion, a clear runny nose, blocked nose, sneezing, watery eyes and itchiness in the eyes and nose. Postnasal dripping of mucus frequently causes cough. Loss of smell and taste is common. Nose bleeding may occur if the condition is severe.
Diagnosis of allergic rhinitis
The history of the patient’s symptoms is important in diagnosing AR. Allergy test will reveal the specific causative allergens. Skin test is the most common method of allergy testing. Blood test to look for a protein in the blood called IgE (immunoglobulin E) may also be helpful in determining specific allergen sensitivity. This test is usually done only in patients who cannot tolerate skin test (e.g. presence of severe eczema).
Primary principles in the clinical management of AR include:
- Avoidance of allergens and triggering factors
- Appropriate pharmacotherapy
- Evaluation regarding need for and appropriate use of immunotherapy
- Patient education and follow-up
Avoidance of identified allergens is the most helpful factor in controlling allergy symptoms. If avoidance does not relieve the symptoms, additional treatment is needed. Antihistamines remain the mainstay of pharmacotherapy for allergic rhinitis.4 Decongestants help to control allergy symptoms but not the causes.
Prevention of allergic rhinitis
Allergic rhinitis is characterized by sneezing, rhinorrhoea, itching of the nose, nasal obstruction or post nasal drainage.
- Keep the windows and doors of your house hold.
- If you need to use the air conditioning, keep the unit on the indoor cycle.
- Do not use the window or attic fans.
- Do not dry your clothing out doors.
- Take the bath after outdoor activity to remove pollen from your hair and skin and to keep it from getting into your bedding.
- Stay indoors as much as possible
- If you need to use air conditioning, keep the unit on the indoor cycle.
If you are allergic to indoor molds:
- Do not keep house plants.
- If your floor is damp do not put carpet or furniture there, use a dehumidifier to dry it Drain standing water as soon as possible.
- Clean the home with water with antiseptic solution.
- Do not clean the house with out dust masks.
- Do not store unused things in the house.
- Keep your bed room very clean, wash pillow covers and bed sheets at least twice a week. Washing with hot water is recommended.
- Do not use old mattress
You May Also Like To Read
Written by: Healthplus24 team
Date last updated: October 08, 2012