Sunburn is a term commonly referred for red, swollen and painful skin. It is mainly caused due to over-exposure to sunlight, containing different kinds of ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Many sunlamps and light sources also contain ultraviolet radiations and over exposure to them lead to sunburn as well. Those persons who have fair skin, taking medications like sulfa drugs, work with UV light sources and more exposed to sunlight and are likely to suffer from the problem.
The symptoms of sunburn do not appear instantly, they appear after few hours of sunburn. Redness, swelling, pain, occasional blistering, irritation, severe reactions like chills, nausea, rash, fever, etc. are some of the common symptoms of the condition. Although, symptoms are temporary in nature, the skin damage is permanent and have long lasting health effects.
An important point necessary to highlight is that avoid using petroleum jelly, egg whites, butter or any other home remedies as they can delay in healing process. Moreover, do not wash affected skin with harsh soaps.
If possible, avoid sun exposure during peak hours like 10am to 4pm as sunlight's intensity remain quite high. Avoid stepping out in the sun till the time the sunburn gets treated. If required, wear hats and full sleeved clothes. Protect your skin by applying Sun Protective Factor (SPF) of 15 or above 30 minutes prior stepping out. Do not forget to wear sunglasses with UV protection.
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