Dizziness is a general term used by patients to describe their symptoms. Dizziness and lightheadedness are among the most frequent complaints that cause people to seek medical help. People affected with a dizziness disorder may experience vertigo (sense of spinning or rotation), imbalance, visual problems or lightheadedness.1 Dizziness may be temporary or chronic and chronic dizziness is more common among older people. Most causes of dizziness are benign but early recognition of serious underlying pathology is important.
Dizziness can be caused by a variety of problems such as intoxications, viral or bacterial infection, head trauma, vascular dysfunction (high or low blood pressure), CNS disorders (stroke, migraines), psychiatry illness (depression, anxiety) and inner ear pathology.1 In older patients, dizziness is also associated with a variety of cardiovascular conditions and is also seen with the use of multiple medications including antidepressants, sedatives and pain relievers.2
Dizziness can increase the risk of falling and injuring oneself. Dizziness that occurs while driving vehicle or operating heavy machinery increases the possibility of an accident.
When a person complains of dizziness, the following immediate treatment may be initiated:
1.Johnson EG. The dizziness dilemma. Addressing a problem that affects 40% of the population. Rehab Manag. 2007; 20(10): 25–27.
2.Chawla N, Olshaker JS. Diagnosis and management of dizziness and vertigo. Med Clin North Am. 2006; 90(2): 291–304.
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