The first thing you need to do if you have encountered a victim of a car accident (or for that matter any type of accident) is HELP. The second thing you do is provide first aid to bring that person out of danger. The first aid you provide would be extremely is vital for survival of the accident victim.
Steps to follow for first aid after car accident
Look for signs of danger before you jump to help the person. You may not be able to help that person stuck badly inside a car or if there is a fire. However, try to rescue the person in the best possible way. If you are taking out the person out from the car, make sure you support his head and neck carefully. And do not forget to call the emergency care unit immediately.
Look for signs of response. Say “Hello” loudly, if he/she is conscious then you are bound to get a response. Try to shake the person gently. Feel the pulsetoconfirm that he has survived. Do not move or lift the person, if you suspect a serious spinal or neck injury. Clean up traces of blood, vomit, saliva, etc. quickly from the mouth to proceed to the next step.
This is the most important first aid care for casualty victims. It’s a technique to open the individuals’ airways in case they are completely unresponsive. Gently change the position and make him/her lie down on the back. Now place your one hand on the forehead and tilt the head gently backward. Raise the tip of the chin slowly with your fingers to open the airways. This is done to move the tongue that might have gotten pressed against the mouth and had blocked the air passage. You can slightly press the cheeks from both sides to open the mouth. However, make sure you perform everything with the utmost care to avoid aggravating the injury.
Once the airways are opened you can figure out if he/she is breathing.Check if the chest is rising and falling and feel the breath on your cheek or hearing air escape while exhaling for 10s. If the person is not breathing then you have to initiate recovery breathing, which is also known as mouth to mouth resuscitation. In order to do this, you have to first take a deep breath and then place your mouth tightly over the victim’s mouth and blow a few breaths forcefully inside his/her mouth. Make sure you place your hand over the injured person’s forehand, lift the chin up and pinch the nose before resuscitating. This chest will rise immediately to signify life.
If the above attempts have failed, then you have to try CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). It is done when pulse and heart completely stops despite giving rescue breaths (Step 4). However, you must learn the technique properly before trying. Allow the person to remain in the same position and do not forget to lift his chin. Now sit on your knees and lean towards his chest. Place your palms on over another in the center of the victim’s breastbone and interlace your fingers. Compress his/her chest at least by 5-6 cm by allowing your weight on your palms. Repeat at least 100-200 compressions. You can also follow the cycle of two rescue breaths after 30 compressions until the person begins to breathe or emergency unit arrives. Knowing the correct technique of CPR is a vital first aid technique because it prolongs the life of the accident victim.
You should check the victim for any bleeding injuries. Bleeding can lead to shock, thus, take some clean cloth and press it against the wound, gently. If the victim is conscious, ask them to hold the cloth against their injury. It will give the victim something to focus on and take their mind away from the shock.
These are some tips for first aid after a car accident. Call the emergency immediately without wasting any time. If you are in doubt, do not move the victim from the car, as there might be a neck or spinal injury that you are not aware of. Help the victim, as your timely intervention can help save lives.
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