Sponsored Links
General Information
 
Uses
 
What should I know before taking this drug
 
Precautions
 
Dosage information
  
Adverse reactions
 
Storage
 
Additional information if any
 

Brand names and manufacturer

Ambistryn –S inj (Npil)

Cipstryn inj (Cipla)
 

Type: OTC/Prescription/schedule

Streptomycin is a prescription drug available from your pharmacy store only with the prescription of a qualified medical practitioner. 

Pronunciation

Streptomycin pronounced as: strep-toe-MY-sin 

What is streptomycin?

Streptomycin is an anti infective / antibacterial drug belonging to amino glycoside group of antibiotics. 

Common uses of streptomycin

Streptomycin is used in the treatment of tuberculosis, infection due to Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), bacterial endocarditis.

How to use streptomycin

Take plenty of oral fluids when on Streptomycin medication.

Streptomycin should be taken regularly as prescribed by your doctor to attain maximum benefit.
 
Do not skip any doses. Continue to take it even when you feel better.
 
You must complete the entire course of medication to get maximum benefit; else the infection will not clear completely and in due course result in development of resistance.
 
Tuberculosis drugs are prescribed for long duration ( 6-9mnth). It is very important to take streptomycin regularly as prescribed. Else it will result in development of resistant TB which will be difficult to treat.
 
  • Always remember to inform your health expert if you are currently taking any OTC or prescription drugs like
    1. Amphotericin B (Antifungals)
    2. Ethacrynic acid , furosemide (Loop diuretics)
    3. vancomycin, polymyxin B, (Antibiotics)
    4. Cisplatin (Anti cancer drugs)
    5. Cyclosporine (Immunosuppressive drug)
    6. Ibuprofen, Indomethicin ( NSAIDs)
  •   Inform your doctor if you have following medical conditions as Streptomycin should be used cautiously in the below mentioned conditions
    1. Renal impairment
    2. Hearing impairment
    3. Parkinson disease
    4. Myasthenia gravis
  • Inform your surgeon or dentist if your undergoing any planned procedure when on Streptomycin medication as it increases the side effects of the anaesthetic drugs.

When not to take streptomycin

Do not take streptomycin if you are hypersensitive to amino glycoside group of antibiotics. 

What are the precautions I should follow for streptomycin?

Children: Streptomycin medication should be used cautiously in neonates and infants.

 
Old people: Streptomycin medication should be used cautiously in older people.
 
Pregnant woman: Streptomycin belongs to FDA pregnancy category D. This means that streptomycin can harm an unborn baby and cause birth defects if used during pregnancy. Do not use streptomycin with out your doctor consent however its use is justified if the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or are planning for conception.
 
Lactating women: streptomycin passes into breast milk and harm nursing baby. Do not use streptomycin with out the consent from your doctor if you are breastfeeding your child.
 
Other:
 

What are the dosage forms streptomycin is available in the market

Streptomycin is available as injection. It is administered intramuscularly by qualified health care provider under strict aseptic precautions as directed by your doctor.  

Doses for streptomycin

Use as directed by your physician, your physician prescribes depending on the severity of disease. 

Use the complete course of medication as prescribed by your physician even though you feel better after one or two days of usage of medication.
 
For detailed dosage information, consult your doctor who will prescribe you depending on the severity of the disease.
 

What about if I missed the dose of streptomycin

If it is almost the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at same time to cover up the missed dose. 

What should I do if I over dosage streptomycin

In case of overdose contact your nearest poison control centre or emergency medical centre for immediate care by physician.

The overdose symptoms of Streptomycin are

  • Giddiness
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Ringing sensation in the ears (tinnitus)

What are the common side effects of streptomycin?

Streptomycin may causes following side effects like

  • Redness and pain at the site of injection
  • Dizziness
  • vertigo
  • abnormal sensation around the face

When to consult the health expert about the side effects of streptomycin

Consult your doctor immediately if notice following symptoms.

  • Allergic reaction like swollen lips, hives, difficulty in breathing, rashes etc
  • Decrease in the amount of urine passed
  • Ringing sensation in the ears(tinnitus)
  • Hearing loss
  • Muscle weakness
  • Convulsions

How do I store streptomycin?

Store streptomycin at room temp (15 – 30 degrees C). Avoid excessive heat, moisture or direct sunlight, never store in the bathroom.

Keep it out of reach of children. Make sure that any leftover portion is disposed off safely.
 

What is the most important information I should know about streptomycin

Antituberculous drugs are prescribed for long duration (6mnths). It is very essential to take full course of therapy to achieve complete cure of the disease. Otherwise it will result in development of drug resistant TB which will be difficult to treat. 

Your doctor may advise you to undergo hearing and renal function tests before and after starting Streptomycin periodically to look for possible side effects.
 
Take plenty of oral fluids and strictly avoid dehydration when on streptomycin.
 
Inform your surgeon or dentist if your undergoing any planned procedure when on Streptomycin medication as it increases the side effects of the anaesthetic drugs. 

It is imp to read manufacturing packaging instruction carefully if available and always do not hesitate to consult pharmacist or physician for any information. 

Written by: Healthplus24 team
Date: Mar21st,09