Cefixime: Uses, dosage, side effects

Pronunciation:

sef-IX-eem

Brand Names:

Suprax, Trixon-O

Type:

Prescription medicine

What is cefixime

Cefixime is an antibiotic drug that belongs to the third generation cephalosporin. It helps treat a number of bacterial infections that includes pneumonia, bronchitis, and gonorrhea. It also helps treat ear, lung, and throat as well as urinary tract infections.

Uses:

Indications:

Cefixime is prescribed to stop the growth of bacteria. It is active against wide spectrum of bacteria such as:

  • Infections of the middle ear
  • Tonsillitis, throat infections
  • Pneumonia
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Gonorrhea
  • Acute bacterial bronchitis

What should I know before taking this drug

How to Take Cefixime

You can swallow the tablets whole with a glass of water. You can take the tablet with or without food as directed by your physician. Children need the medicine twice a day at a gap of 12 hours. The dosage depends on the medical condition of the patient.
Make sure you complete the dose as directed. Do not stop the medication even if your symptoms disappear. If you stop the medicine before the dose is complete it will lead to relapse of the infection. Speak to your doctor if your condition worsens or persists.

Adverse effects

The drug may cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and dyspepsia. Some may suffer from skin rashes, urticarial and Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

Contra-indications:

Patients with known sensitivity or allergies to cephalosporin class of antibiotics should not take Cefixime.

Precautions and warnings

Children:

Old people:

Dose adjustment is required as for those whose creatinine clearance test is less than 60 ml per minute.

Pregnant women:

Cefixime belongs to FDA pregnancy category B. Cefixime is not expected to harm the unborn baby. Inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.

Lactating women:

There is no sufficient data about the excretion of cefixime into breast milk. It is recommended to avoid cefixime for those who are breast-feeding.

Other:

Inform your doctor if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medications or herbal supplements before taking Cefixime. Let the doctor know of any previous allergic reactions to drugs or if you suffer from kidney or liver problems.

Dosage regimen

Cefixime is available as a tablet and in liquid form as well. The usual dosage for adults and children over 10 years of age is 1 or 2 tablets daily or 10 to 20 ml of liquid medicine. For younger children, the dosage is calculated from their age or weight. Follow the doctor’s instructions regarding the correct dosage and the number of days (7 to 14 days) to take the medicine.

Over dosage:

In case of overdose, there is no specific antidote. The doctor may perform gastric lavage to remove Cefixime.

Storage conditions and shelf life

Keep Cefixime in the container it came in. keep it tightly closed and away from children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture. Throw away any excess medication that has not been used for the last 14 days.