General Information
What should I know before taking this drug
Dosage information
Adverse reactions
Additional information if any

Brand names and manufacturer

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Capoten (Par pharmaceuticals)
Aceten ( Wockhardt)
Capotril ( Lupin )

Type: OTC/Prescription/schedule

Captopril is prescription drug. It is sold from the pharmacy store only in the presence of written instructions known as prescription from a licensed healthcare provider 


Captopril is pronounced as KAP toe pril 

What is captopril?

Captopril is angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor                                                     
Common uses of captopril

Captopril is used in the treatment of hypertension, heart failure. Captopril is also used in the treatment of kidney problems due to diabetes (Diabetes nephropathy) 

When not to take captopril

Do not take captopril if you are hypersensitive to it or any other angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. 
Do not take captopril if you have history of angioedema (Difficult in breathing, swelling of face, thoat, tongue) 
Do not take in 2nd and 3 rd semester pregnancy (Refer precautions below for more details)

What are the precautions I should follow for captopril?

Children: Safety and effectiveness is not established in children. Newborn kids are more prone to the hemodynamic adverse affects of captopril.

Old people:

Pregnant woman:
First trimester: Captopril belongs to FDA pregnancy category C. This means that captopril may harm an unborn baby if used during pregnancy but potential benefit may warrant use of the drug in pregnant woman despite potential risks. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or are planning for conception.
Second and third trimester: Captopril belongs to  FDA pregnancy category D. This means that captopril can harm an unborn baby and cause birth defects if used during pregnancy. Do not use captopril with out your doctor consent however its use is justified if the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or are planning for conception. 
Lactating women: 
Captopril passes into breast milk and harm nursing baby. Do not use captopril with out the consent from your doctor if you are breastfeeding your child.
When used along with diuretics the hypotension affect of ace inhibitors increase hence captopril should start with low dose.

Captopril is available in the form of tablets
For hypertension and heart failure
Captopril initial dose is 12.5 mg twice daily. Maintenance dose is 25 – 50 mg daily. After several weeks maximum dose 50 mg 3 times daily
For kidney problems: 25mg three times daily.

What about if I missed the dose of captopril

If it is almost the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at same time to cover up the missed dose.  

What should I do if I over dosage captopril

In case of overdose of captopril contact your nearest poison control centre or emergency medical centre for immediate care by physician.

Over dosage symptoms are

  • Irregular heart beat
  • Drowsiness
  • Fainting 
Side effects of captopril are 
  • Irregular heart beat
  • Hypotension
  • Cough
  • Headache
  • Angioedema
  • Hyperkalemia
If any of the above side effects become worse or you notice any hypersensitivity reactions like difficult breathing, swelling of face, lips, tongue stop you medication and consult your doctor immediately.  

How do I store captopril?

Store captopril at room temp (25 degrees C / 77 degrees F). Avoid excessive heat, moisture or direct sunlight, never store in the bathroom.

Keep it out of reach of children. Make sure that any left over portion is disposed off safely. 
What is the most important information I should know about captopril

Written by: Healthplus24 team
Date last updated: May 25, 2012

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