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Bleomycin
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General Information
Brand names and manufacturer
Type: OTC/Prescription/schedule
Pronunciation 

Uses
 
What should I know before taking this drug
 
Precautions
 
Dosage information
  
Adverse reactions
 
Storage
 
Additional information if any
 
 
 

Bleocip (Cipla)
Bleostar-S (Chandra Bhagat Pharma)

Bleomycin is a prescription drug available from your pharmacy store only with the prescription of a qualified medical practitioner.

Bleomycin is pronounced as: blee-oh-MY-sin

Bleomycin is anti cancer medication.

Bleomycin is used to treat squamous cell cancer, testicular cancer.
Bleomycin is also used in the treatment of fluid accumulation around the lungs called pleural effusion.

  • Take bleomycin exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you do not understand these instructions ask your pharmacist, nurse or doctor to explain them to you. 
  • Bleomycin is usually given by injection to vein or muscle by your doctor.
  • Bleomycin should be inspected visually for particulate matter prior to administration. Preparations of bleomycin containing visibly opaque particles should not be used.
  • Always remember to inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are currently taking any OTC drugs or prescription drugs like, Any anti cancer drugs like cisplantin
  • This may not be the complete list of drugs interact with bleomycin, ask your pharmacist if any other drugs interact with this medication.
  • Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have any of the following medical conditions as bleomycin should be cautiously used.
    1. Liver disease
    2. Kidney disease
    3. Lung disease

If you are allergic to bleomycin (skin rashes, difficult breathing) do not use it.

Children:

Old people: Bleomycin is eliminated through the kidney. In older people kidney function is poor; it should be used in older people cautiously.

Pregnant woman: Bleomycin belongs to FDA pregnancy category D. This means that bleomycin can harm an unborn baby and cause birth defects if used during pregnancy. Do not use bleomycin with out your doctor consent however its use is justified if the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or are planning for conception.

Lactating women: Bleomycin passes into breast milk and harm nursing baby. Do not use bleomycin with out the consent from your doctor if you are breastfeeding your child.
 
Other:
 

Bleomycin is available in the form injection.

Use bleomycin as directed by your physician, your physician prescribes depending on the severity of disease. Use the complete course of medication as prescribed by your physician even though you feel better after one or two days of usage of medication.

If it is almost the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not take two doses of bleomycin at same time to cover up the missed dose.

In case of overdose of bleomycin contact your nearest poison control centre or emergency medical centre for immediate care by physician.

The following are the side effects you may experience with bleomycin

  • Pain at the site of injection
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite, Weight loss
  • Change in skin color and texture and change in finger nails
This is not the complete list of side effects if you experience any other side effects discuss with your doctor or pharmacist.
 

If you experience any of the following side affects stop the bleomycin medication and consult your doctor immediately

  • Severe dizziness
  • Irregular heart beat
  • Numbness in the hands and feet
  • Allergic reactions like difficult in breathing and skin rashes

Store bleomycin at room temp (15 – 30 degrees C). Avoid excessive heat, moisture or direct sunlight, never store in the bathroom.
Keep it out of reach of children. Make sure that any leftover portion is disposed off safely.

  • Chest X ray and kidney and liver function test need to perform to monitor the improvement and side effects of the drug 
It is imp to read manufacturing packaging instruction carefully if available and always do not hesitate to consult pharmacist or physician for any information.

Written by: healthplus24 team
Date: May18th,09

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Disclaimer : Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by healthplus24 team is accurate, up to date and complete but no guarantee is made to that effect. The information contained herein is intended to supplement not substitute for the expertise and knowledge of health care professional. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, adverse effects etc. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist. Healthplus24 team disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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  Pregnancy Categories  
 
Category A
Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).

Category B
Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.

Category C
Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.

Category D
There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.

Category X
Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use of the drug in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
 

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