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al- PRAY-zoe-lam

Brand names with manufacturer: 

Xanax; Niravam


Prescription drug

What is it: 

Alprazolam belongs to the category of benzodiazepine drugs, capable of balancing the movement of chemicals in the brain that lead to anxiety. This is how it reduces anxiety and panic triggers from the brain. 



Used to treat anxiety disorders (including caused from depression) and panic disorders.


Any other purpose mentioned on the package.

What should I know before taking this drug: 

You should know the dosage, side effects and precautions before taking the drug. Do NOT stop taking the drug without asking your doctor, it can make your condition worse.

How to take it: 

Should be taken orally with a glass of water with or without food. Do not break the pills or chew it inside mouth, allow it to dissolve inside your mouth naturally and then swallow. It is also available in liquid form, you need to measure the dose exactly as directed by your doctor and then consume.

Adverse reactions/side effects

Low doses causes drowsiness and lightheadedness. High doses can induce memory problems, speech problems, changes in appetite, weight gain, bowel disruption, etc.

Alprazolam can be addictive when taken for a prolonged period.



It is used in children above 18 years of age. Extreme caution is taken before giving it to children below the determined age limit. Use Xanax with caution in the

Old people: 

Use very cautiously in old people, especially if above 65 years.

Pregnant women: 

Alprazolam is not given to pregnant women or those planning for pregnancy. It can cause potential harm to an unborn baby.

Lactating women: 

Taking alprazolam while breastfeeding is not recommended as it gets excreted in breast milk, which can harm the baby.

What should I do if

I miss dose(s)

Take the missed dose as soon as possible. Skip the missed dose if the next dose is almost near. But do not take extra dose.

I take over dose 

Call your doctor immediately

Dosage form:  

It’s an extended-release tablet. Dosage is based on your age, medical condition, and ongoing response to treatment.


A low dose is given with 0.25 to 0.5 mg which may be increased to 4mg/ day in intervals for 3-4 days for better response.


Should be stored at room temperature in a cool and dry place, out of reach of children.

Additional information if any

Affects your ability to drive, makes you dizzy. So avoid driving
Do not give your medicine to anyone
Your doctor would ask you to not smoke or take alcohol
Call your doctor immediately if you experience chest pain, hyperactivity, feeling of doom, hallucinations, decreased urine, etc.
Always consult your doctor if you have any doubts or sense any abnormality

Written by: team

Date last updated: December 26, 2014

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