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General Information
Brand names and manufacturer
Type: OTC/Prescription/schedule

What should I know before taking this drug
Dosage information
Adverse reactions
Additional information if any
Precose ( Bayer corporation)
Acarbose is a prescription drug available from your pharmacy store only with the prescription of a qualified medical practitioner.
Acarbose is pronounced as: AY-kar-bose
Acarbose is oral anti diabetic medication.
Acarbose is used to treat type 2 diabetes (Non insulin dependent diabetes)
Take acarbose exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you do not understand these instructions ask your pharmacist, nurse or doctor to explain them to you.
Do not take the medication in larger amounts or for longer duration than recommended by your doctor.

Do not stop taking this medication unless advised by your doctor. 
Take the acarbose with food.
Always remember to inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are currently taking any OTC or prescription drugs like
  • Warfarin 
  • Digoxin 
  • Insulin or any other oral anti diabetic drugs  
This may not be the complete list of drugs interact with acarbose ask your pharmacist if any other drugs interact with this medication.
Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have any of the following medical conditions as acarbose should be cautiously used.
  • liver disease, 
  • kidney disease, 
  • gastro intestinal problems
Do not take acarbose if you are having
  • High blood sugar levels,.
  • Severe kidney problems
Children: Acarbose should not be used in children
Old people:
Pregnant woman: Acarbose belongs to FDA pregnancy category B. This means that acarbose is safe during pregnancy and is not expected to cause any harm to the unborn baby. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or are planning for conception.
Lactating women: It is not known whether acarbose passes into breast milk or if it could harm the baby. Do not take acarbose with out first talking to doctor if you are breast feeding baby.
Other: Avoid drinking alcohol. Alcohol decreases blood sugar level and increases the risk hypoglycemia.
Acarbose is available in the form of tablet.
Use acarbose as directed by your physician, your physician prescribes depending on the severity of disease.
Use the complete course of medication as prescribed by your physician even though you feel better after one or two days of usage of medication.
If it is almost the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not take two doses of acarbose at same time to cover up the missed dose.
In case of overdose of acarbose contact your nearest poison control centre or emergency medical centre for immediate care by physician.
The over dosage symptoms are
  • Stomach pain.
The following are the side effects you may experience with acarbose
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach pain
  • bloating
If you experience any of the following side affects stop the acarbose medication and consult your doctor immediately
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Continuous vomiting
  • Yellow of skin and eyes
Store acarbose at room temp (15 – 30 degrees C). Avoid excessive heat, moisture or direct sunlight, never store in the bathroom.
Keep it out of reach of children. Make sure that any leftover portion is disposed off safely.
  • Proper diet and regular exercise are important to keep control normal blood sugar levels.
  • It is advised to have the blood or urine glucose test to monitor the drug therapy.
  • Symptoms of low blood sugar levels are
    1. Nausea, extreme hunger, rapid heartbeat
    2. Dizziness, drowsiness, headache, restlessness, anxiety, blurred vision
    3. Convulsions, loss of consciousness, coma and low body temp.
  • Symptoms of high blood sugar levels are
    1. Excessive thirst, increased urination, increased hunger,
    2. Headache, confusion, blurred vision, weight loss, fatigue
    3. Viginal and skin infection, slow healing of sores, ulcers and cuts, Erectile dysfunction 
It is imp to read manufacturing packaging instruction carefully if available and always do not hesitate to consult pharmacist or physician for any information. 

Written by: Healthplus24 team
Date last modified: July 7, 2011