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Medication for tooth abscess

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Painkillers: The build up of pressure in an around the area of abscess causes the pain and hence pain relievers are much needed to combat that. Although analgesics can take care of the pain for some time but cannot cure the dental abscess, so they should not be used to delay the dental treatment.

  • When the pain is particularly severe, stronger painkillers such as codeine phosphate can be prescribed by your physician.
  • Do not place and hold an aspirin under the abscessed tooth. This will only cause potential harm. Aspirin should not be given to children under the age of 16.
  • Rinsing mouth several times a day with a mild salt-water solution helps in drawing the pus out and relieves pressure, resulting in bringing down the pain.

Antibiotics: Since dental abscess is an infection, to treat and prevent it from spreading it any further antibiotics are prescribed. Antibiotics of penicillin group such as azithromycin, metronidazole, amoxicillin and clavulanate, penicillin, and cefoxitin are preferred for treating dental abscess.

For chronic infections or infections which are not too responsive of penicillin, clindamycin is often prescribed.

If the infection is not completely cleared, the abscess might recur and probably with a stronger infection and more severe symptoms. The use of antibiotics should be strictly under the supervision and guidance of your medical practitioner to stay away from the bacteria becoming resistant.

Written by: Healthplus24 team
Date last updated: February 10, 2013

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