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Mouthwash is a liquid formulated to take care of your oral health. Apart from acting as an excellent breath refresher, they serve a wide range of purposes like protecting from cavities, gingivitis, tooth decay, etc. Therefore, your dentist will be recommending the kind that would best suit your need.


Different Types of Mouthwashes and their Uses

1.  Anti-microbial and antiseptic mouthwash

This is the most common form of mouthwash that can control and fight off harmful bacteria inside your mouth capable of causing tooth decay and gum disease. Chlorhexidine or etylpyridinium chloride is the key ingredient present in an anti microbial mouthwash. 

 You might also want to choose an antiseptic mouthwash as it can protect you from fungi, virus and other parasites and this action is promised by the alcohol or Povidone-iodine contained in antiseptic mouthwashes.


2. Anti-cavity mouthwash

Cavity or dental caries means damage to the structure of your tooth. If you are at risk of having cavity from prolonged wear of dental devices or from dental disease then your doctor would prescribe an anti-cavity mouthwash. It has high concentration of fluorides which strengthen your tooth and protects it from damage and decay.


3. Anti-tartar mouthwash

Tartar or calculus is hardened plaque containing minerals, saliva and bacteria that gets deposited in between and over your teeth. In that case, you can use a tartar control mouthwash. They contain several patented enzymes like mutanase and dextranase that help to dissolve plaque and tartar on regular rinse. Zinc citrate is another key ingredient present in anti tartar mouthwashes capable of removing the tartar build-up. Your dentist will suggest the one ideal for you.

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4. Anti gingivitis mouthwash

Gingivitis is the term used for the inflammation of gums caused by accumulation of bacterial bio film. If you are vulnerable to gingivitis or already have succumbed to it, then your doctor would advise use of ant-gingivitis mouthwash. The formulation is prepared from chlorhexidine gluconate, hydrogen peroxide and it might or might not contain alcohol.


5. Cosmetic mouthwash

As the name suggests cosmetic mouthwashes are designed to improve the overall health and cosmetic goodness of your teeth and gums. They have multiple benefits which include whitening of teeth and refreshing breath, without having many benefits on protecting your teeth from periodontal diseases. They would contain deodorizing and oxidizing agents along with astringents to offer the characteristic action.


6. Herbal Mouthwash

Herbal mouthwashes are devoid of chemicals and alcohols and therefore are safe to use. You do not need a prescription for it. They primarily contains essential oils of cloves, eucalyptus, peppermint, etc. which are potentially anti-microbial in nature. Herbal mouthwashes also act as breath purifiers, prevent cavities and combat toothache.


Tips for Using Mouthwashes

  • If you have a tooth condition or gum disease, then your doctor would recommend a specific type of mouthwash which you must use.
  • For daily use, you can opt for an alcohol free mouthwash and the herbal ones best serve the purpose of insuring your oral health and hygiene.
  • Read the instructions carefully mentioned on the label before swishing the liquid inside your mouth. Never swallow the mouthwash.
  • Some mouthwashes contain sweeteners like sodium saccharine and sucralose and preservative salts like sodium benzoate. Check the composition before using it and let your doctor know if the salt or sugar might affect the medical condition (heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, etc.) that you might be suffering from.

Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: june 19, 2014

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