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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

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Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a surgical specialty that helps treat many injuries, defects as well as diseases in the head, neck, face, jaws as well as the hard and soft tissues of the mouth and jaws and face (cranio-maxillofacial). In some countries, such as the US, Canada and Australia, it is considered as a specialty of dentistry.

These surgeons who specialize in face, mouth, jaw and neck surgery.In many countries, this specialty requires dual qualification in medicine and dentistry. Many consider it as a bridge between medicine and dentistry as it requires expertise from both fields. Conditions that require oral and maxillofacial surgery include:

  • Head and neck cancers
  • Salivary gland diseases
  • Facial pain
  • Temporomandibular joint disorders
  • Impacted teeth
  • Cysts
  • Tumors of the jaw
  • Problems due to mouth ulcers and infections, etc.

Sub-specialist Areas of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

The oral and maxillofacial surgery is a field that carries out diagnosis and surgical management of oral and maxillofacial pathologic conditions. These conditions include the epithelial diseases and mesenchymal disorders of soft and hard tissues. Thus, there are many sub-specialties that come under the spectrum of oral and maxillofacial surgery.

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Depending on the country and jurisdiction, the surgeons in this field require training in dentistry, surgery and general medicine. In the UK, however, it is considered as a medical specialty that requires both medical and dental degrees. The sub-specialties of oral maxillofacial surgery include:

  • Dento-alveolar surgery – This includes extraction of teeth, recontouring of the alveolar bone, uncovering teeth to carry out bone grafting, preprosthetic surgery, placement of implants, etc..
  • Dental and soft tissue surgery – To treat problems of the soft tissues of the gums, mouth and face as well as improve the appearance, function and oral health.
  • Dental implant surgery
  • Head, neck and oral cancer treatment and surgery
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Wisdom teeth management
  • Treatment of facial injury
  • Corrective jaw surgery
  • Facial cosmetic surgery
  • TMJ disorders
  • Craniofacial surgery/ cleft surgery/ pediatric maxillofacial surgery
  • Cranio-maxillofacial trauma
  • Head and neck reconstruction with the help of plastic surgery
  • Maxillofacial regeneration with advanced stem cell technique
  • Cosmetic surgery of the head and neck like rhinoplasty, cheek augmentation, neck liposuction, chemical peel, etc.
  • Genioplasty, maxillomandibular advancement, etc.
  • Dysgnathia and orthognathic reconstructive surgery, orthognathic surgery, etc.
  • Diagnosis and treatment of jaw fractures, cheek bone fractures, nasal fractures, skull fractures, eye socket fractures, etc.

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This was some information related to oral and maxillofacial surgery. One needs to follow the rules pertaining to studying this field, according to their specific region. Find more information from colleges related to the specialty in the country you plan to study this interesting surgical and dental specialties.

Written by: healthplus24.com team

Date last updated: January 22, 2015