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Bleeding gums

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If you are observing blood in your gums too often then possibly you are having a gum disease. However, the good news is that you can take precautions early on observing bleeding gums and restore its health.

Let’s explore the topic more below:

Symptoms associated with bleeding gums

You might observe bleeding occasionally or it might continue to bleed for a few days and then stop or bleeding only while brushing.

Following are some of the symptoms you can notice.

  • Tartar and plaque deposits in between teeth
  • Swelling, pain and redness in gums
  • Loose teeth, spaces between teeth, receding gums
  • Bad breath

Causes of bleeding gums

There are several reasons behind bleeding gums and they are:

  • Harsh tooth brushing or flossing
  • Wearing ill fitting dentures, braces, etc.
  • Gingivitis and periodontal gum disease
  • Deficiency of vitamin K
  • From hormonal changes during pregnancy
  • Low platelet count in your blood
  • Symptom of leukemia, diabetes and scurvy
  • Side effect of chemotherapy drugs and blood thinners
  • Side effect of chewing tobacco products and smoking

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When to see a doctor

If you notice continuous bleeding from your gums then you should check with a dentist.

Diagnosis of bleeding gums

Your dentist would conduct a dental exam to check the condition of your gums and teeth for infection, tartar or plaque deposits. A comprehensive dental exam will be performed including x ray of your teeth, gum and jaws.

You need to tell your doctor about the frequency of bleeding, any medical history of disease or drugs, etc.

CBC blood test might be suggested to check hormonal and vitamin levels.

Treatment of bleeding gums

The treatment is absolutely dependent on the underlying problem behind bleeding gums. Gum infections are usually treated with antibiotics while the pain is managed by OTC anti-inflammatory drugs.

Your doctor might opt for cleaning deposits of plaque and tartar and offer you an oral care regimen.

You might be referred to an expert doctor if other health issues have been suspected which are unrelated to dental diseases. In that case, treatment will be directed towards curing that particular health issue with which bleeding from gums should also stop.

Tips to prevent bleeding gums

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First of all you should use a tooth brush of good quality and with soft bristles. Be gentle with brushing and flossing. Opt for circular motion of brushing. It’s important to go for routine dental check up at least once a year or every six mouth.

You should rinse your mouth with antiseptic mouth washes or opt for home made mouth washes with cloves, salt, peppermint etc. This will protect your teeth and gums from infection and purify your breath as well.

Your diet is important: Eat foods rich in vitamin C, vitamin B 12 and vitamin K and calcium. Ask for a diet chart from your dentist and try to eat those foods regularly to keep off bleeding. Also stay away from chewing tobacco and cut down on smoking.

Make sure that the dentures or cosmetics that you are wearing fit perfectly well and do not compromise with your oral health and hygiene.

Written by: healthplus24.com team

Date last updated: January 26, 2015