The basic pranayama technique comprises of the following four parts:
Puraka means controlled inhalation that is, sucking the vayu from the atmosphere through the nose and making it fill all the nadis in the body.
Antara kumbhaka means retention of breath after controlled inhalation that is, internal retention.
Rechaka means controlled exhalation that is, performance of deep exhalation in which the air from the body is thrown into the atmosphere to the maximum possible extent.
Bahya kumbhaka means retention of breath after complete exhalation that is, external retention.
The above four acts together constitute one cycle of respiration.
During yogic breathing, inhalation (puraka) stimulates the system and fills the lungs with fresh air; retention (kumbhaka) raises the internal temperature and plays an important part in increasing the absorption of oxygen; exhalation (rechaka) causes the diaphragm to return to the original position and air full of toxins and impurities is forced out by the contraction of inter-costal muscles.
These are the main components leading to pranayama, which massage the abdominal muscles and tone up the working of various organs of the body. When these organs function properly, vital energy flows to all the systems. The success of pranayama depends on proper ratios being maintained between inhalation, exhalation and retention.
The practice of pranayama should normally be undertaken when we have normal health and in empty stomach, by adopting a suitable and comfortable posture, that is, either in
After selecting the posture, the back should be kept should be kept erect right from the spine base to the neck and perpendicular to the floor.
At least 10 rounds in the morning and 10 rounds in the evening of the selected pranayama should be done for deriving maximum benefit. But care should be taken to avoid any experience of exhaustion or suffocation because the whole purpose is to achieve comfort and enjoyment.
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Written by: healthplus24.com team
Date last updated: February 05, 2016